Leigh Campbell

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Insulin-dependent diabetes (IDD) results from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Autoreactive T-lymphocytes are thought to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of IDD; however, the target antigens of these cells, as well as the inductive events in the disease, are unclear. PBMC in persons with or at increased risk(More)
We have cloned the fragile site FRAXE and demonstrate that individuals with this fragile site possess amplifications of a GCC repeat adjacent to a CpG island in Xq28 of the human X chromosome. Normal individuals have 6-25 copies of the GCC repeat, whereas mentally retarded, FRAXE-positive individuals have > 200 copies and also have methylation at the CpG(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetes is characterised by autoantibodies to several pancreatic-islet-cell antigens, including glutamate decarboxylase. We measured the proliferative responses to this antigen of peripheral-blood mononuclear cells from patients with newly diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetes, relatives of diabetic patients, and healthy controls. The(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have implicated the ingestion of cow's milk in the pathogenesis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Moreover, in a recent study, 100 percent of patients with new-onset IDDM had antibodies against bovine serum albumin (BSA), with a majority directed against a 17-amino-acid BSA peptide (ABBOS). Cellular immune(More)
Autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is classified, on the basis of age at onset and severity, into three types: type I, severe; type II, intermediate; and type III, mild. The critical region in 5q13 contains an inverted repeat harboring several genes, including the survival motor neuron (SMN) gene, the neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease of childhood, resulting from deletion or mutation of the survival motor neuron ( SMN ) gene on chromosome 5q13. SMN exists as part of a 300 kDa multi-protein complex, incorporating several proteins critically required in pre-mRNA splicing. Although SMN mutations render SMN defective(More)
Utrophin and dystrophin are highly homologous proteins which are reciprocally expressed in DMD (Duchenne muscular dystrophy) muscle. The remarkable similarity of these proteins suggests that they may play a similar cellular role in some circumstances; if this were the case then utrophin may be capable of replacing dystrophin in DMD patients. In this paper(More)
We have constructed a contig of non-chimaeric yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) across the candidate region for childhood autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in 5q13. A novel microsatellite reduces the candidate region to approximately 400kb of DNA distal to D5S435. The candidate region contains blocks of chromosome 5 specific repeats which(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common fatal motor-neuron disorder characterized by degeneration of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord, which results in proximal muscle weakness. Three forms of the disease, exhibiting differing phenotypic severity, map to chromosome 5q13 in a region of unusually high genomic variability. The SMA-determining gene(More)
Biallelic mutations in the gene encoding DHOdehase [dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH)], an enzyme required for de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis, have been identified as the cause of Miller (Genée-Weidemann or postaxial acrofacial dysostosis) syndrome (MIM 263750). We report compound heterozygous DHODH mutations in four additional families with typical(More)