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Mutations of pigment type switching have provided basic insight into melanocortin physiology and evolutionary adaptation. In all vertebrates that have been studied to date, two key genes, Agouti and Melanocortin 1 receptor (Mc1r), encode a ligand-receptor system that controls the switch between synthesis of red-yellow pheomelanin vs. black-brown eumelanin.(More)
Animal models are requisite for genetic dissection of, and improved treatment regimens for, human hereditary diseases. While several animals have been used in academic and industrial research, the primary model for dissection of hereditary diseases has been the many strains of the laboratory mouse. However, given its greater (than the mouse) genetic(More)
Merle is a pattern of coloring observed in the coat of the domestic dog and is characterized by patches of diluted pigment. This trait is inherited in an autosomal, incompletely dominant fashion. Dogs heterozygous or homozygous for the merle locus exhibit a wide range of auditory and ophthalmologic abnormalities, which are similar to those observed for the(More)
Pancreatic acinar atrophy (PAA) is a degenerative disease of the exocrine pancreas and is the most common cause of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in the German Shepherd Dog. Analyses of inheritance have shown that a single gene segregating in an autosomal recessive fashion is causative for PAA. To date the gene and causative mutation have not been(More)
The German Shepherd Dog (GSD) is a popular working and companion breed for which over 50 hereditary diseases have been documented. Herein, SNP profiles for 197 GSDs were generated using the Affymetrix v2 canine SNP array for a genome-wide association study to identify loci associated with four diseases: pituitary dwarfism, degenerative myelopathy (DM),(More)
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is a disease wherein pancreatic acinar cells fail to synthesize and secrete sufficient amounts of digestive enzymes for normal digestion of food. EPI affects many dog breeds, with a dramatically higher prevalence in the German shepherd dog (GSD) population. In this breed and perhaps others, EPI most often results from(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the heritability of pancreatic acinar atrophy (PAA) in German Shepherd Dogs (GSDs) in the United States. ANIMALS 135 GSDs belonging to 2 multigenerational pedigrees. PROCEDURE Two multigenerational pedigrees of GSDs with family members with PAA were identified. The clinical history of each GSD enrolled in the study was recorded, and(More)
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is a disorder wherein the pancreas fails to secrete adequate amounts of digestive enzymes. In dogs, EPI is usually the consequence of an autoimmune disease known as pancreatic acinar atrophy. Originally believed to be a simple autosomal recessive disorder, a test-breeding recently revealed that EPI has a more complex(More)
To expedite linkage studies and positional cloning efforts in the dog, Minimal Screening Set 2 (MSS-2) of 327 canine microsatellite markers has been multiplexed into chromosome-specific panels. MSS-2 provides 9 Mb coverage of the canine genome with no gaps larger than 17.1 Mb and is the most recent and comprehensive set of microsatellites available for(More)
A set of 172 canine microsatellite markers, termed minimal screening set 1 (MSS1), was recently characterized for use in whole-genome screens. We report here the multiplexing of 155 MSS1 markers into 48 multiplex sets. Amplification of the multiplex sets is achieved using a single thermal cycling program. The markers are labeled with fluorescent dyes and(More)