Leigh Ann Burns-Naas

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A group of thirty immunotoxicology experts from the U.S. and E.U. representing government, industry, and academia met in May 2003, in Washington, D.C., to reach consensus regarding the most appropriate methods to assess developmental immunotoxicology (DIT) for hazard identification, including under what conditions such testing might be required. The(More)
The evolution of the subdiscipline of developmental immunotoxicology (DIT) as it exists today has been shaped by significant regulatory pressures as well as key scientific advances. This review considers the role played by legislation to protect children's health, and on the emergence of immunotoxcity and developmental immunotoxicity guidelines, as well as(More)
(E)-(S)-4-((S)-2-{3-[(5-methyl-isoxazole-3-carbonyl)-amino]-2-oxo-2H-pyridin-1-yl}-pent-4-ynoylamino)-5-((S)-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-3-yl)-pent-2-enoic acid ethyl ester (Compound 1) is a novel, irreversible inhibitor of human rhinovirus (HRV) 3C protease {inactivation rate constant (Kobs/[I]) of 223,000 M-1s-1}. In cell-based assays, Compound 1 was active against(More)
D5 is a low-molecular-weight cyclic siloxane used for industrial and consumer product applications. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the subchronic toxicity of D5 following a 3-month nose-only inhalation exposure. In addition, animals from both sexes of the control and high dose groups were allowed a 4-week recovery period to observe(More)
The carcinogenic potential of nelfinavir mesylate (nelfinavir) was evaluated in a 2-year oral (gavage) study on Sprague-Dawley rats at dose levels of 0 (control), 0 (vehicle control), 100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg per day. At the end of the treatment, increased incidences of thyroid follicular cell hyperplasia and neoplasms were observed at 300 (males) and 1000(More)
Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) is a low-molecular-weight cyclic siloxane used primarily in the synthesis of silicone polymers. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the subchronic toxicity of D4 following a 3-month nose-only inhalation exposure. Male and female Fischer 344 rats (20/sex/group) were exposed 6 h/day, 5 days/week for 3 months to(More)
D5 is a low-molecular-weight cyclic siloxane used for industrial and consumer product applications. The objective of the present study was to assess potential toxic and immunomodulatory consequences of inhalation exposure to D5. Male and female Fischer 344 rats (25/group) were exposed by whole body inhalation to 0, 10, 25, 75, or 160 ppm D5 6 h/day, 7(More)
There has been an explosion of technology-enabled scientific insight into the basic biology of the causes of adverse events. This has been driven, in part, by the development of the various "omics" tools (e.g., genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics) and associated bioinformatics platforms. Meanwhile, for decades, changes in preclinical testing protocols(More)
Clinical trials of selective RAF inhibitors in patients with melanoma tumors harboring activated BRAFV600E have produced very promising results, and a RAF inhibitor has been approved for treatment of advanced melanoma. However, about a third of patients developed resectable skin tumors during the course of trials. This is likely related to observations that(More)
In recent years, there has been increasing regulatory pressure to protect the health of children, with the basic tenet being that children differ significantly from adults in their biological or physiological responses to chemical exposures. In a regulatory context, this has been translated to mean a requirement for an additional 10-fold safety factor for(More)