Leigh A Sawyer

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Between November 1 and 22, 1985, an outbreak of acute, nonbacterial gastroenteritis occurred in a 600-bed hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Illness in 635 of 2,379 (27%) staff was characterized by fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting and had a median duration of 24-48 hours. The finding of virus-like particles measuring 25-30 nm in six stool(More)
High-potency inactivated poliovirus vaccine (eIPV) was combined with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine containing thimerosal as a preservative to simulate the performance of a potential tetravalent vaccine. Neither type 1 nor type 3 poliovirus antigens appeared to be affected by thimerosal after exposure for 1 h at 37 degrees C as measured by(More)
Persons with Q fever usually present with severe retrobulbar headache, a fever to 104 degrees F or higher with shaking chills, general malaise, myalgia, chest pain, and sometimes pneumonia and hepatitis. Cattle, sheep, goats, and ticks are the primary reservoirs of the etiologic agent, Coxiella burnetii. Humans are usually infected by inhaling infectious(More)
The Ehrlichia are tick-borne rickettsial organisms that cause disease in animals throughout the world but that have been previously recognized as human pathogens only in Asia. We have identified six patients with serological evidence of recent infection with an Ehrlichia: a fourfold or greater rise or fall in titer to Ehrlichia canis. All of the patients(More)
An outbreak of unexplained illness occurred in members of an army reserve unit after field training in an area of New Jersey endemic for Lyme disease. Nine (12%) of the 74 who attended the exercise had serological evidence of Ehrlichia infection, defined as a single rise in titer of antibody to Ehrlichia canis greater than or equal to 1:160 four weeks after(More)
We studied the relationship between early human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) specific immune responses and pathogenesis of infection in participants enrolled in the multicenter AIDS cohort study (MACS). Sera collected at 6-month intervals for 2 years (visit 1-5) from 39 persons who seroconverted by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 6 months(More)
Ninety-two children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis were randomly assigned to treatment in a multicenter, double-blind, 12-week trial designed to compare the efficacy and safety of a liquid formulation of ibuprofen at a dosage of 30 to 40 mg/kg/day versus those of aspirin at a dosage of 60 to 80 mg/kg/day. No significant intergroup differences in(More)
Inactivated and trivalent oral poliovirus vaccines contain either formalin-inactivated or live, attenuated poliovirus, respectively, of the three serotypes. Interference among the three attenuated poliovirus serotypes was minimized with a "balanced-formulation" vaccine, and serologic responses after IPV were optimized by adjusting the antigenic content of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether febrile children receiving 2.5-, 5-, or 10-mg/kg ibuprofen therapy via a liquid or 15-mg/kg acetaminophen therapy via an elixir every 6 hours for 24 to 48 hours show equivalent fever reduction or suffer adverse effects of the drug administered. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, multidose, parallel-group, variable-duration (24(More)