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BACKGROUND Previous preclinical safety studies in ewes have found intravenous levobupivacaine and ropivacaine to be less potent toward causing central nervous system (CNS) and cardiac toxicity than bupivacaine. Analogous cardiotoxicity has been demonstrated directly in various cardiac preparations ex vivo. Moreover, drug-related arrhythmogenicity has been(More)
BACKGROUND In liver surgery, the increase in advancement of laparoscopic equipment has allowed the feasibility and safety of complex laparoscopic liver resection. However, blood loss and the potential risk of gas embolism seem to be the main obstacles. In this study, we successfully used the InLine radiofrequency ablation (RFA) device to carry out(More)
The risk of accidental intravascular injection and consequent acute toxicity is ever-present with most neural blockade techniques. The severity of cardiovascular and central nervous system (respectively, CVS and CNS) toxicity is directly related to the local anesthetic potency, dose, and rate of administration. Nonetheless, although the anesthetic potency(More)
1. The racemic local anaesthetic agent bupivacaine is widely used clinically for its long duration of action. Levobupivacaine and ropivacaine are bupivacaine enantiopure congeners, developed to improve upon the clinical safety of bupivacaine, especially the risk of fatal arrhythmogenesis. 2. In previous preclinical studies of the safety of these drugs with(More)
Circulating lymphocytes and tumour cells from 12 sheep experimentally infected with bovine leukaemia virus (BLV), for periods of time varying from 9 to 48 weeks, were analysed for evidence of integrated and unintegrated provirus. Hybridization analysis demonstrated that the provirus was integrated at one or two sites in all cases. Integration was observed(More)
The local treatment of disease states such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has suggested the potential for controlled release formulations designed to treat circadian attacks or have improved residence for the treatment of respiratory infections. While the relationship between the physico-chemical properties of particles within the(More)
AIMS Previous isobolographic analysis revealed that coadministration of morphine and oxycodone produces synergistic antinociception in laboratory rodents. As both opioids can produce ventilatory depression, this study was designed to determine whether their ventilatory effects were synergistic when coadministered to healthy human subjects. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Local anesthetic toxicity is often studied experimentally in acutely prepared, anesthetized laboratory animals. We determined the influence of halothane/O(2) anesthesia on cardiovascular and central nervous system (CNS) toxic responses to six amide-type local anesthetics administered i.v.. METHODS Behavioral, cardiovascular, and pharmacokinetic(More)
UNLABELLED In preclinical pharmacological studies of levobupivacaine (S-bupivacaine), we determined its tolerability, cardiovascular actions, and pharmacokinetics, and we estimated its margin of safety compared with bupivacaine in conscious sheep. Levobupivacaine HCl. H(2)O was infused IV for 3 min into 10 previously instrumented ewes (approximately 50 kg).(More)
Cell therapies have been used to regenerate the heart by direct myocardial delivery, by coronary infusion and by surface attached scaffolds. Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) with capacity to differentiate into cardiomyocytes and other cell lines have been predominantly trialled in rodents. However, large animal models are increasingly needed to(More)