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Recent reports demonstrate that many currently used pesticides have the capacity to disrupt reproductive function in animals. Although this reproductive dysfunction is typically characterized by alterations in serum steroid hormone levels, disruptions in spermatogenesis, and loss of fertility, the mechanisms involved in pesticide-induced infertility remain(More)
To explore the mechanism(s) by which selenium (Se) exerts its cancer chemopreventive activity, we studied the effect of selenite (0-100 microM) on cell growth, viability, differentiation, detachment, DNA fragmentation and apoptosis in human colonic carcinoma cells (HT29). Selenite (>5 microM) decreased cell growth, increased cell detachment and decreased(More)
This study was conducted to examine the mechanism for arachidonic acid (AA) regulation of steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein expression and the relationship between AA and cAMP in hormone-induced steroidogenesis. Dibutyryl cyclic AMP (Bt(2)cAMP)-stimulated MA-10 Leydig cells were treated with AA and/or the phospholipase A(2) inhibitor,(More)
The steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) mediates the transfer of cholesterol from the outer to the inner mitochondrial membrane, the regulated step in steroidogenesis. A most interesting facet of this protein is the manner in which its expression is acutely regulated. In this regard, a number of studies have concentrated on the search for(More)
Dimethoate is a widely used organophosphate insecticide that has been shown to disrupt reproductive function in animals. Although the pathogenesis of Dimethoate-induced reproductive toxicity remains to be determined, a reduction in serum testosterone levels is thought to play an important role in the development of Dimethoate-induced infertility. Since(More)
The imidazole antifungal drugs econazole and miconazole have previously been shown to disrupt steroidogenesis in Leydig and adrenal cells by inhibiting 17alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (P450c17) enzyme activity, thus reducing the conversion of progesterone to androstenedione. However, a recent study in Y-1 adrenal cells indicated that these compounds may(More)
The steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein promotes intramitochondrial delivery of cholesterol to the cholesterol side-chain cleavage system, which catalyzes the first enzymatic step in all steroid synthesis. Intriguingly, substrate cholesterol derived from lipoprotein can upregulate StAR gene expression. Moreover, substrate oxysterols have been(More)
Lindane, the gamma isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), is one of the oldest synthetic pesticides still in use worldwide. Numerous reports have shown that this pesticide adversely affects reproductive function in animals. Although the pathogenesis of reproductive dysfunction is not yet fully understood, recent reports indicate that lindane can directly(More)
The immunopharmacological effects of interleukin-2 (IL-2) on the sensitization and effector phases of the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction were studied using contact sensitivity to the haptenizing agent dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB). When administered at the time of priming to DNCB, IL-2 had no effect on the subsequent magnitude of the response.(More)
Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) plays a critical role in steroid hormone synthesis. StAR is thought to increase the delivery of cholesterol to the inner mitochondrial membrane where P450scc resides. Tropic hormones acting through the intermediacy of cAMP rapidly increase pregnenolone synthesis, and this rapid steroidogenic response is believed(More)