Leif Sandsjö

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The aim of the study was to present the prevalence of clinical signs and symptoms among female computer users above 45 years, both in a group with self-reported neck/shoulder trouble (NS cases) and in a group without such trouble (NS controls). The hypothesis was that computer users with self-reported neck/shoulder trouble have more clinical findings than(More)
In 11 patients, all women, 21–55 years of age, with unilateral work-related myalgia of the trapezius muscle, the right and left trapezius muscles were examined simultaneously for electromyogram (EMG) signs of localized muscle fatigue. All patients were tested with 0-kg hand load for 5 min, holding the arms straight at 90° of elevation in the scapular plane.(More)
The electromyographic (EMG) activity patterns of 18 female supermarket employees reporting neck and shoulder pain were compared with those of 6 of their female colleagues reporting no pain when doing cash-register work. It was found that the EMG activity of the trapezius muscle tended to show a lack of low and high levels among pain subjects, and that the(More)
In order to relate EMG signs of localized muscle fatigue to subjectively perceived muscle fatigue, a study was undertaken on 20 healthy volunteers exposing their right trapezius muscle by raising the arm to 90 degrees of abduction. Every person performed two contractions: 0 kg hand load during 5 min and 2 kg hand load during 2.5 min. Surface EMG was(More)
Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in the shoulder/neck area are a common and increasing problem among European computer workers, especially women. Long-term low-level workloads with low degree of muscle rest are a potential risk factor for developing WMSDs. The purpose of the present study of female computer users (age 45-65 years) in Denmark(More)
This study examined psychological and physiological stress, as well as muscle tension and musculoskeletal symptoms, among 72 female supermarket cashiers. Stress levels were found to be significantly elevated at work, as reflected in the catecholamines, blood pressure, heart rate, electromyographic (EMG) activity, and self-reports. Fifty cashiers (70%)(More)
Musculoskeletal disorders in the neck and shoulder area are a major occupational concern in the European countries especially among elderly females. The aim was to assess these disorders based on quantitative EMG indicators and functional tests. 252 female computer users (45–68 years) were recruited from four European countries in two contrast groups: (1)(More)
In order to understand the high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders associated with stressful work, it is important to explore the relationship between muscle activity and psychophysiological stress responses. The present real-life study examines surface trapezius electromyographic (sEMG) activity, heart rate, blood pressure, and levels of urinary(More)
Normalization of the electromyographic mean power frequency is generally performed on the basis of single estimates. Random variation of reference values based on such single estimates can seriously impair data reported in normalized form. In the present study we have examined five procedures for calculation of an initial reference value: calibration(More)
Objective: To investigate the effects of ambulant myofeedback training including ergonomic counselling (Mfb) and ergonomic counselling alone (EC), on work-related neck-shoulder pain and disability. Methods: Seventy-nine female computer workers reporting neck-shoulder complaints were randomly assigned to Mfb or EC and received four weeks of intervention.(More)