Leif Olgart

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Tissue levels of substance P (SP) were determined by radioimmunoassay in cat dental pulps after unilateral electrical stimulation of the inferior alveolar nerve. Nerve stimulation (10 V, 10 Hz, 5 ms for 3 min) reduced the SP level at the stimulated side by approximately 40%, indicating a release of SP. Stimulation performed after infusion of morphine (0.3(More)
The anticonvulsant drug gabapentin has been demonstrated to alleviate symptoms of painful diabetic neuropathy as well as other types of neuropathic pain. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of gabapentin in a recently developed mouse model of peripheral neuropathy. This model is based on a photochemical ischemic lesion of the sciatic(More)
Mechanical stress was applied to canine teeth in anaesthetized cats to excite intradental A-fibres and to produce digastric muscle EMG responses. Activity in the intradental sensory units was recorded by two electrodes, one inserted in a dentinal cavity, the other in contact with the gingival sulcus. A pneumatically driven piston was used to cause a(More)
Numerous in vitro studies suggest that inflammation is associated with enhanced release of substance P (SP) in the dorsal horn. To test the hypothesis that inflammation increases the evoked concentration of SP in the intact animal, we used in vivo microdialysis with a highly sensitive radioimmunoassay to monitor SP-like immunoreactivity (SP-LI) in the(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) in wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons in the dorsal horn has been suggested to contribute to central sensitization and the development of chronic pain. Indirect experimental evidence indicates an involvement of substance P (SP), in this respect. The aim of the present study was to monitor the extracellular level of substance(More)
The occurrence of substance P (SP)-like immunoreactivity was studied in dental pulps of the cat. In untreated animals SP-positive fibres were found in all areas of the pulp. Most fibres were seen in central parts of the pulp but they were also observed in relation to the odontoblasts. Single, possibly unmyelinated, or fine caliber fibres or small bundles of(More)
A technique was developed to record intradental sensory nerve activity in man. The method involves permanent fixation of electrodes in dentin thus enabling continuous recordings to be made. Acute as well as long term influences on excitability of sensory nerve endings in the tooth can thus be studied. A coincidence between recorded spike activity and pain(More)
The aim of the present in vivo microdialysis study was to determine the possible contribution of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)/kainate (KA) receptors to capsaicin-induced release of substance P-like immunoreactivity (SP-LI) in the dorsal horn of the rat. Perfusion of a microdialysis probe with(More)
The concentration of substance P-like immunoreactivity (SPLI) was determined in dental pulps from cat, dog and man by radioimmunoassay. Pulps from mature cats showed the highest SPLI-levels (mean 32 pmol/g); these are comparable to or higher than those found in any other organ outside the central nervous system. The SPLI concentrations were lower in pulp(More)