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laser triangulation, a data rate of more than 20 000 profiles/s can be achieved when delivering 1536 range values per profile with 8 bits of range resolution. Experimental results showing very good image characteristics and a good digital to analog noise isolation are presented.
This paper presents a mathematical analysis of how temporal noise is transformed by quantization. A new method for measuring temporal noise with a low-resolution ADC and then accurately refer it back to the input of the ADC is shown. The method is, for instance, applicable to CMOS image sensors where photon shot noise is commonly used for determining… (More)
—This brief presents a new simultaneous multislope analog–digital converter (ADC) architecture suitable for array implementations in, e.g., CMOS image sensors (CISs). The simplest implementation is almost twice as fast as a conventional-slope ADC, while it requires only a small amount of extra circuitry. Measurements have been performed on a custom made CIS… (More)
The cuticle plays a critical role in plant survival during extreme drought conditions. There are, however, surprisingly, many gaps in our understanding of cuticle biosynthesis. An Arabidopsis thaliana T-DNA mutant library was screened for mutants with enhanced transpiration using a simple condensation spot method. Five mutants, named cool breath (cb), were… (More)
Today there exist several applications where a real visible scene needs to be sampled to electrical signals, e.g., video cameras, digital still cameras, and machine vision systems. Since the 1970's charge-coupled device (CCD) sensors have primarily been used for this task, but during the last decade CMOS image sensors have become more and more popular. The… (More)