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OBJECTIVE It has been shown recently that neck muscle vibration in combination with an exploration training leads to lasting amelioration of spatial neglect. The present study evaluated whether vibration of the left posterior neck muscles alone has the potential to induce lasting reduction in spatial neglect. DESIGN A multiple baseline design was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Walking in time with a metronome is associated with improved spatiotemporal parameters in hemiparetic gait; however, the mechanism linking auditory and motor systems is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE Hemiparetic cadence control with metronome synchronization was examined to determine specific influences of metronome timing on treadmill walking.(More)
Light touch contact between the body and an environmental referent reduces fluctuations of center of pressure (CoP) in quiet standing although the contact forces are insufficient to provide significant forces to stabilize standing balance. Maintenance of upright standing posture (with light touch contact) may include both predictive and reactive components.(More)
Spontaneous synchrony emerges between individuals performing together rhythmic activities while communicating by means of sensory feedback. In this study, we examined the nature of interpersonal synchrony mediated by light fingertip contact when individuals sway rhythmically in the sagittal plane. The effect of traditional dance expertise on interpersonal(More)
Our aim was to examine how brain imaging in the initial phase of a stroke could predict both acute/subacute as well as chronic spatial neglect. We present the first voxel-wise longitudinal lesion-behaviour mapping study, examining acute/subacute as well as chronic performance in the same individuals. Acute brain imaging (acquired on average 6.2 days(More)
Sensory information about body sway is used to drive corrective muscle action to keep the body's centre of mass located over the base of support provided by the feet. Loss of vision, by closing the eyes, usually results in increased sway as indexed by fluctuations (i.e. standard deviation, s.d.) in the velocity of a marker at C7 on the neck, s.d. dC7.(More)
Perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) is used to identify brain regions that are receiving enough blood supply to remain structurally intact, but not enough to function normally. Previous observations suggest that spatial neglect due to subcortical stroke can be explained by dysfunction of cortical areas rather than through the neuronal loss in the subcortical(More)
Stair edges provide important visual cues for appropriate foot placement on the stair and balance control during stair descent. Previous studies explored age-related changes in stepping performance and balance control during stair descent and included fit older adults. The present study investigates both age- and frailty-related changes to stepping(More)
Twenty-five patients with spatial neglect were tested in the acute phase and about 1.3 years after a right-hemisphere stroke. Ten patients had developed chronic spatial neglect. We investigated how sensitive a simple copying task is in detecting spatial neglect in the chronic phase. When the stroke was acute, all 10 patients omitted a considerable number of(More)
Movement goals and task mechanics differ substantially between actual tool use and corresponding pantomimes. In addition, apraxia seems to be more severe during pantomime than during actual tool use. Comparisons of these two modes of action execution using quantitative methods of movement analyses are rare. In the present study, repetitive scooping(More)