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PURPOSE To characterize the cellular functions associated with the altered transcript profiles of mouse brain exposed to low-dose in vivo gamma-irradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cerebral RNA was isolated at 30 min and 4 h after whole-body irradiation at 0.1 or 2 Gy, hybridized to random oligonucleotide arrays, and evaluated for time and dose-response(More)
Projecting cancer risks from exposure to space radiation is highly uncertain because of the absence of data for humans and because of the limited radiobiology data available for estimating late effects from the high-energy and charge (HZE) ions present in the galactic cosmic rays (GCR). Cancer risk projections involve many biological and physical factors,(More)
Principal components analysis (PCA) is useful for reproducing the total variation among hundreds or thousands of continuously-scaled variables with a much smaller number of unobservable variables called 'latent factors'. The CLUSFAVOR computer program was used to implement PCA for identifying groups of genes with similar expression profiles from a large(More)
PURPOSE An accurate evaluation of the penetrance of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations is essential to the identification and clinical management of families at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Existing studies have focused on Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) or on families from outside the United States. In this article, we consider the US population using the largest(More)
By analyzing genomic copy-number differences using high-resolution mouse whole-genome BAC arrays, we uncover substantial differences in regional DNA content between inbred strains of mice. The identification of these apparently common segmental polymorphisms suggests that these differences can contribute to genetic variability and pathologic susceptibility.
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 2 (or basic FGF) is expressed at increased levels in human prostate cancer. FGF2 can promote cell motility and proliferation, increase tumor angiogenesis, and inhibit apoptosis, all of which play an important role in tumor progression. To determine whether FGF2 plays a critical role in prostate cancer progression, we have used(More)
CONTEXT Early diagnosis of gram-negative bloodstream infections, prompt identification of the infecting organism, and appropriate antibiotic therapy improve patient care outcomes and decrease health care expenditures. In an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, methods to acquire and rapidly translate critical results into timely therapies for(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms in the promoter region of the proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin (IL)-6 have been related to several chronic inflammatory diseases. Inter-individual variation in the severity of gastric inflammation may be important in determining the clinical outcome of an Helicobacter pylori infection and relate to polymorphisms in this region.(More)
The beneficial outcome associated with the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has been reported in retrospective studies. To date, no prospective study has been conducted to confirm these outcomes. In addition, the potential mechanism by which PPIs improve measures of lung function and/or transplant-free survival in(More)