Leif A. Isaksson

Learn More
The purine-rich Shine-Dalgarno (SD) sequence located a few bases upstream of the mRNA initiation codon supports translation initiation by complementary binding to the anti-SD in the 16S rRNA, close to its 3' end. AUG is the canonical initiation codon but the weaker UUG and GUG codons are also used for a minority of genes. The codon sequence of the(More)
A gene affecting the sigma subunit of DNA-dependent RNA polymerase is tightly linked to dnaG at 66 min on the Escherichia coli chromosome. In order to create an easily selectable marker in this region, we inserted transposon-10, which carries a gene determining resistance to tetracycline (tet) near 66 min, and the order tolC-dnaG-sigma-tet was determined.(More)
The codon that follows the AUG initiation triplet (+2 codon) affects gene expression in Escherichia coli. We have extended this analysis using two model genes lacking any apparent Shine-Dalgarno sequence. Depending on the identity of the +2 codon a difference in gene expression up to 20-fold could be obtained. The effects did not correlate with the levels(More)
Ribosome recycling factor (RRF) catalyzes the fourth step of protein synthesis in vitro: disassembly of the post-termination complex of ribosomes, mRNA and tRNA. We now report the first in vivo evidence of RRF function using 12 temperature-sensitive Escherichia coli mutants which we isolated in this study. At non-permissive temperatures, most of the(More)
The efficiency of translation termination at NNN NNN UGA A stop codon contexts has been determined in Escherichia coli. No general effects are found which can be attributed directly to the mRNA sequences itself. Instead, termination is influenced primarily by the amino acids at the C-terminal end of the nascent peptide, which are specified by the two codons(More)
Three ribosomal ambiguity (Ram) mutants, changed in ribosomal protein S4, have been examined with respect to elongation rate and misreading of translation in vivo and in vitro. Ram mutants increase misreading of nonsense codons in vivo, compared to wild type, between 2–50 times depending on the nature of the nonsense codon, its position, and which rpsD(More)
The very early handling of patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is of critical importance to the outcome. The aim of this study was to relate the dispatcher's initial suspicion of AMI, among patients who call for an ambulance due to chest pain, to the subsequent diagnosis and outcome. All patients who called for an ambulance in(More)
The Shine-Dalgarno (SD+: 5'-AAGGAGG-3') sequence anchors the mRNA by base pairing to the 16S rRNA in the small ribosomal subunit during translation initiation. We have here compared how an SD+ sequence influences gene expression, if located upstream or downstream of an initiation codon. The positive effect of an upstream SD+ is confirmed. A downstream SD+(More)
Regulation of RNA polymerase during initiation, elongation, and termination of transcription is mediated in part by interactions with intrinsic regulatory signals encoded in the RNA and DNA that contact the enzyme. These interactions include contacts to an 8-9-bp RNA:DNA hybrid within the active-site cleft of the enzyme, contacts to the melted nontemplate(More)