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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE There are few reports of Coccus nucifera (Palmae) infestation by triatomines (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae), vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), the causal agent of American Trypanosomiasis. The aim of this study was to determine if this palm is an appropriate ecotope for Rhodnius prolixus and(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi causes a pan-infection, Chagas disease, in American mammals through fecal transmission by triatomine insects, resulting in an acute phase parasitemia with intracellularity mainly in the myocells and cells of the central nervous system (CNS).The parasites, due to the immune response, then decrease in number, characteristic of the life-long(More)
Direct blood examination and xenodiagnosis of 45 sylvatic, peridomestic or domestic mammals from the Caracas valley, Venezuela, revealed trypanosome infection in six of the 24 opossums, Didelphis marsupialis, collected in urban areas. Isolates were successfully made of trypanosomes from four of the opossums, using the parasites which developed in Rhodnius(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi causal agent of Chagas' disease is a paninfective parasite of mammals transmitted through skin fecal contamination by Triatominae vectors. Studies of alternative routes for infection are scarce; therefore, eye infection should be important, because of the eye's high blood irrigation and brain proximity, as port of entry of the parasite.(More)
To understand the interaction of Trypanosoma cruzi with caviomorph rodents, which supposedly have an ancient co-evolutionary history with this parasite, experimental infection of laboratory reared Trichomys apereoides with several isolates of both genotypes of the parasite was studied. Parasitemia, pattern of hematic cells, specific humoral immune response,(More)
Chagas disease is an endemic zoonosis native to the Americas and is caused by the kinetoplastid protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. The parasite is also highly genetically diverse, with six discrete typing units (DTUs) reported TcI - TcVI. These DTUs broadly correlate with several epidemiogical, ecological and pathological features of Chagas disease. In(More)
Direct blood examination and xenodiagnosis of 47 synanthropic rodents (Rattus rattus, R. norvegicus, Mus musculus) captured in the valley of Caracas, Venezuela, revealed trypanosomal infections in 12 R. rattus, 10 with T. lewisi and 2 with T. cruzi. Of the latter the course of parasitemia, the pleomorphism of the bloodstream trypomastigotes, tissue in(More)
Triatoma maculata is a wild vector of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease; its incursion in the domestic habitat is scant. In order to establish the possible domestic habitat of T. maculata, we evaluated wing variability and polymorphism of genotypic markers in subpopulations of T. maculata that live in different habitats in Venezuela.(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi the etiological agent of American Trypanosomiasis or Chagas disease (ChD) is transmitted by triatomines vectors between mammals including man. T. cruzi has existed for circa 150 Ma in the Americas and nearly 10 million people are currently infected. The overlap between wild and domestic ecotopes where T. cruzi circulates is increasing.(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi causes Chagas' disease, a systemic infection that affects cells of meso-, endo-, and ectodermic origin. However, as far as we know, the presence of T. cruzi stages in bone has not been reported previously, and it has scarcely been investigated in cartilage. We inoculated 7- and 20-day-old (8 and 15 g) NMRI albino mice i.p. with metacyclic(More)