Leida Calegário Oliveira

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Several pools of neurotoxic peptides obtained from fractionated Phoneutria nigriventer venom induce different toxicological effects. One of them, PhTx4, is highly toxic towards insects and displays only a slight toxicity when injected in mice. Also, this fraction contains a class of peptides that are able to inhibit glutamate uptake in preparations of(More)
Crotoxin (Ctx) is a potent neurotoxin of the venom of Crotalus durissus terrificus (the South American rattlesnake). Ctx is a heterodimer composed of CB, a toxic PLA(2) subunit, and CA, a non-toxic and non-enzymatic subunit, that potentiates the neurotoxicity of CB in vivo. The deleterious action of Ctx upon C. d. terrificus snakes themselves is known to be(More)
Phoneutria nigriventer spider venom has been described as acting on several cardiovascular sites. In the present paper, a semi-purified fraction of this spider venom was studied to observe any contractile or relaxing effect in rat mesenteric arterial rings (MAR). Spider venom was first fractionated by gel filtration and subsequently by gradual isocratic(More)
In this work, Phoneutria nigriventer toxins PnTx2-5 and PnTx2-6 were shown to markedly delay the fast inactivation kinetics of neuronal-type sodium channels. Furthermore, our data show that they have significant differences in their interaction with the channel. PnTx2-6 has an affinity 6 times higher than that of PnTx2-5, and its effects are not reversible(More)
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