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SIRT6 is a member of a highly conserved family of NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases with various roles in metabolism, stress resistance, and life span. SIRT6-deficient mice develop normally but succumb to a lethal hypoglycemia early in life; however, the mechanism underlying this hypoglycemia remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that SIRT6 functions as a(More)
Reprogramming of cellular metabolism is a key event during tumorigenesis. Despite being known for decades (Warburg effect), the molecular mechanisms regulating this switch remained unexplored. Here, we identify SIRT6 as a tumor suppressor that regulates aerobic glycolysis in cancer cells. Importantly, loss of SIRT6 leads to tumor formation without(More)
One H5N8 and three H5N5 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses which derived their HA genes from the Asian H5N1 lineage were isolated from poultry during 2009-2010 in mainland China. Pathogenicity studies showed that these viruses were all highly virulent to chickens, while they varied from moderate to high virulence in mice and from mild to(More)
We characterized 7 highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses isolated from poultry in China during 2009-2012 and found that they belong to clade 2.3.4 but do not fit within the 3 defined subclades. Antigenic drift in subtype H5N1 variants may reduce the efficacy of vaccines designed to control these viruses in poultry.
Most regulated proteolysis in eukaryotes is carried out by the 26S proteasome. This large, multisubunit complex comprises a catalytic core particle (20S proteasome) and a regulatory particle (19S regulator) capping each end. In Drosophila, about a third of the 32 proteasome subunits are found to have testis-specific isoforms, encoded by paralogous genes.(More)
There is much evidence to suggest that strong interactions between terrestrial ecosystems and climate variability exist. Referred to as the 'Roof of the World' and the 'Third Pole of the Earth', the Tibetan Plateau (also known as the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau) is well-known both for its high altitude and unique geographical features. The Tibetan Plateau is(More)
Abnormal activation of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-Akt signaling is implicated in the development of various diseases, including heart failure. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate activation of this signaling pathway are not completely understood. Here we show that sirtuin 6 (SIRT6), a nuclear histone deacetylase, functions at the level of(More)
DNA damage is linked to multiple human diseases, such as cancer, neurodegeneration, and aging. Little is known about the role of chromatin accessibility in DNA repair. Here, we find that the deacetylase sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) is one of the earliest factors recruited to double-strand breaks (DSBs). SIRT6 recruits the chromatin remodeler SNF2H to DSBs and focally(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to explore the efficacy of an extended operation for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer invading the left atrium and intrapericardial pulmonary vein. METHODS From January 2000 to January 2006, lobectomy or pneumonectomy combined with extended resection of the left atrium was carried out in 46(More)
A modified electroporation method using trehalose is presented for the transformation of Bacillus subtilis. The new method improved the transformation efficiency of B. subtilis nearly 2,000-fold compared with the usual method, giving 4×10(5) transformants/μg DNA. Using this method, B. subtilis was engineered to improve production of antimicrobial(More)