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PURPOSE XL184 (cabozantinib) is a potent inhibitor of MET, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), and RET, with robust antiangiogenic, antitumor, and anti-invasive effects in preclinical models. Early observations of clinical benefit in a phase I study of cabozantinib, which included patients with medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), led to(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) can promote cancer initiation and progression by releasing cytokines. Previously, we have found the density of TAMs correlated with lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, the mechanisms of how TAMs promote PTC progression remain unclear. In this study, we first showed that the TAMs density in(More)
PURPOSE Ras/Raf/MAPK kinase/ERK and rearranged in transformation (RET) kinase pathways are important in thyroid cancer. We tested sorafenib, a B-Raf, RET, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor kinase inhibitor, combined with tipifarnib, a farnesyltransferase inhibitor that inactivates Ras and other farnesylated proteins. PATIENTS AND METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE Autologous nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHST) was the first therapeutic approach that can improve β cell function in type 1 diabetic (T1D) patients. This study was designed to investigate the potential mechanisms involved. DESIGN AND METHODS We applied AHST to nine T1D patients diagnosed within six months and(More)
Activation of tyrosine kinase receptors (TKRs) and their related pathways has been associated with development of endocrine tumors. Compounds that target and inactivate the kinase function of these receptors, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), are now being applied to the treatment of endocrine tumors. Recent clinical trials of TKIs in patients with(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the safety, maximum tolerated dose, pharmacokinetics, and biological effects of the combination of the Raf-1, RET, KIT, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 kinase inhibitor sorafenib and the farnesyltransferase inhibitor tipifarnib. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A standard 3 + 3 phase I(More)
Adiponectin plays an important role in improving insulin resistance and preventing atherosclerosis. However it has been rarely reported that adiponectin influences insulin secretion because its receptor was identified in human islet beta cells. In order to investigate the direct effect of adiponectin on pancreatic islet beta cells, we performed an insulin(More)
Thymic carcinoid is an important component of the tumor spectrum causing Ectopic ACTH Syndrome (EAS) and usually carries a poor prognosis. Efforts have been focused on exploring the mechanism of the excessive ACTH production in non-pituitary tumors, whereas few studies have reported the molecular events underlying the tumor progression. In this study, seven(More)
BACKGROUND Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is a common autoimmune disease mediated by autoimmune attack against pancreatic β-cells. It has been reported that dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including T1D. The aim of the present study was to identify pathogenic miRNAs in peripheral blood(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if autologous nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) was beneficial for type 1 diabetic adolescents with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at diagnosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We enrolled 28 patients with type 1 diabetes, aged 14-30 years, in a prospective AHSCT phase II clinical trial. HSCs were harvested(More)