Learn More
The precise regulation of cerebral blood flow is critical for normal brain function, and its disruption underlies many neuropathologies. The extent to which smooth muscle-covered arterioles or pericyte-covered capillaries control vasomotion during neurovascular coupling remains controversial. We found that capillary pericytes in mice and humans do not(More)
Several hormones, neurotransmitters, and neuropeptides were screened for the ability to stimulate inositol phosphate formation in cultured human retinal epithelial (RPE) cells. Carbachol, vasopressin and thrombin were found to be effective. Treatment of RPE cells with all three agents produced increases in inositol monophosphate, inositol bisphosphate and(More)
Although the classical redox functions of co-enzyme NAD(+) are firmly established in metabolism, there are numerous enzymes that catalyze cleavage of NAD(+) to yield free ADP-ribose (ADPr) or related metabolites, whose functions remain largely unknown. Here we show that the Nudix (nucleoside diphosphate linked to another moiety X) hydrolase Ysa1 from(More)
The objective of the paper is to evaluate the effect of acellular nerve allografts (ANA) seeded with Schwann cells to promote nerve regeneration after bridging the sciatic nerve defects of rats and to discuss its acting mechanisms. Schwann cells were isolated from neonatal Wistar rats. In vitro Schwann cells were microinjected into acellular nerve(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are multipotent stem cells that have the potential to differentiate into different cells of the neural lineage like neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. In the current work, we explored whether NSCs could be differentiated into functional Schwann-like cells, which has not been investigated up to date. NSCs were harvested from(More)
Given that impairment of fear extinction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), effective pharmacological interventions that facilitate fear extinction may provide alternative strategies to conventional treatment. It is generally accepted that the zeta inhibitory peptide (ZIP), a controversial inhibitor of protein(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that can posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression by targeting messenger RNAs. During miRNA biogenesis, the star strand (miRNA*) is generally degraded to a low level in the cells. However, certain miRNA* express abundantly and can be recruited into the silencing complex to regulate gene expression. Most(More)
Stress granules (SGs) are granular aggregates in the cytoplasm that are formed under a variety of stress situations including viral infection. Previous studies indicate that poliovirus, a member of Picornaviridae, can induce SG formation. However, the exact mechanism by which the picornaviruses induce SG formation is unknown. The localization of SG markers(More)
OBJECTIVES To observe the effect of ultrashortwave (USW) therapy on nerve regeneration after acellular nerve allografts(ANA) repairing the sciatic nerve gap of rats and discuss its acting mechanisms. METHODS Sixteen Wistar rats weighing 180-220 g were randomly divided into four groups with four rats in each group: normal control group; acellular group(More)
Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the main causative pathogen of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. The epidemic of HFMD has been a public health problem in Asia-Pacific region for decades, and no vaccine and effective antiviral medicine are available. Curcumin has been used as a traditional medicine for centuries to treat a diversity of(More)