Lei Tong

Learn More
Although the classical redox functions of co-enzyme NAD(+) are firmly established in metabolism, there are numerous enzymes that catalyze cleavage of NAD(+) to yield free ADP-ribose (ADPr) or related metabolites, whose functions remain largely unknown. Here we show that the Nudix (nucleoside diphosphate linked to another moiety X) hydrolase Ysa1 from(More)
The precise regulation of cerebral blood flow is critical for normal brain function, and its disruption underlies many neuropathologies. The extent to which smooth muscle-covered arterioles or pericyte-covered capillaries control vasomotion during neurovascular coupling remains controversial. We found that capillary pericytes in mice and humans do not(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that can posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression by targeting messenger RNAs. During miRNA biogenesis, the star strand (miRNA*) is generally degraded to a low level in the cells. However, certain miRNA* express abundantly and can be recruited into the silencing complex to regulate gene expression. Most(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are multipotent stem cells that have the potential to differentiate into different cells of the neural lineage like neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. In the current work, we explored whether NSCs could be differentiated into functional Schwann-like cells, which has not been investigated up to date. NSCs were harvested from(More)
The objective of the paper is to evaluate the effect of acellular nerve allografts (ANA) seeded with Schwann cells to promote nerve regeneration after bridging the sciatic nerve defects of rats and to discuss its acting mechanisms. Schwann cells were isolated from neonatal Wistar rats. In vitro Schwann cells were microinjected into acellular nerve(More)
Hyperspectral unmixing is an important technique for estimating fraction of different land cover types from remote sensing imagery. In recent years, nonnegative matrix fac-torization (NMF) with various constraints have been introduced into hyperspectral unmixing. Among these methods , graph based constraint has been proved to be useful in capturing the(More)
Stress granules (SGs) are granular aggregates in the cytoplasm that are formed under a variety of stress situations including viral infection. Previous studies indicate that poliovirus, a member of Picornaviridae, can induce SG formation. However, the exact mechanism by which the picornaviruses induce SG formation is unknown. The localization of SG markers(More)
Viral myocarditis is a common disease that contributes to dilated cardiomyopathy or heart failure. Coxsackievirus B (CVB) is one of the major causative pathogens of viral myocarditis. Previous studies have shown that autophagy is exploited to promote CVB replication in cell lines. To study whether cardiac myocytes respond to CVB infection in a similar way,(More)
Although the entire etiology of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is still unclear, alcohol drinking has been identified as a major environmental risk factor. The aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) superfamily members are major enzymes involved in the alcohol-metabolizing pathways. Accumulating evidences demonstrated that ALDH7A1, one of ALDH superfamily(More)
Injured peripheral nerves have the ability to regenerate; however, there is conflicting evidence with regard to whether electrical stimulation (ES) accelerates or hinders neural regeneration. To study the effect of ES on peripheral nerve regeneration following nerve crush injury, 54 Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=18/group); the(More)