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The transient receptor potential melastatin-related channel 2 (TRPM2) is a nonselective cation channel, whose prolonged activation by oxidative and nitrative agents leads to cell death. Here, we show that the drug puromycin selectively targets TRPM2-expressing cells, leading to cell death. Our data suggest that the silent information regulator 2 (Sir2 or(More)
Sirtuins are nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent deacetylases that mediate cellular processes such as lifespan extension and metabolic regulation. Sirtuins form a unique metabolite, 2'-O-acetyl-ADP-ribose (OAADPr), shown to block oocyte maturation, bind to chromatin-related proteins, and activate ion channels. Given the various sirtuin(More)
The precise regulation of cerebral blood flow is critical for normal brain function, and its disruption underlies many neuropathologies. The extent to which smooth muscle-covered arterioles or pericyte-covered capillaries control vasomotion during neurovascular coupling remains controversial. We found that capillary pericytes in mice and humans do not(More)
Although the classical redox functions of co-enzyme NAD(+) are firmly established in metabolism, there are numerous enzymes that catalyze cleavage of NAD(+) to yield free ADP-ribose (ADPr) or related metabolites, whose functions remain largely unknown. Here we show that the Nudix (nucleoside diphosphate linked to another moiety X) hydrolase Ysa1 from(More)
The objective of the current study is to investigate the bacterial colonization within the gut of the house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae), at the larval stage and the bacterial community of the gut of the house fly at the newly emerged adult stage. After using ethidium monoazide to inhibit recovery of nucleic acids from dead bacteria, three(More)
This paper builds a multi-body dynamic model of an asymmetric variable sweep morphing aircraft and explores the idea of aircraft roll control by using asymmetric wing sweep angle change. This morphing aircraft is treated as a multi-body system because the large motion of wing segments makes the rigid-body approximation inadequate. Kane's method is used to(More)
Coxsackievirus B type 3 (CVB3) is one of the major pathogens associated with human heart disease. miRNAs are a class of short, noncoding RNA that can post-transcriptionally modulate gene expression. By comparing the CVB3 genome and miR-342-5p sequences, we found there were potential miR-342-5p targets in the CVB3 genome. To verify the effect of miR-342-5p(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that can posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression by targeting messenger RNAs. During miRNA biogenesis, the star strand (miRNA*) is generally degraded to a low level in the cells. However, certain miRNA* express abundantly and can be recruited into the silencing complex to regulate gene expression. Most(More)
Given that impairment of fear extinction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), effective pharmacological interventions that facilitate fear extinction may provide alternative strategies to conventional treatment. It is generally accepted that the zeta inhibitory peptide (ZIP), a controversial inhibitor of protein(More)
Sirtuins catalyze the NAD(+)-dependent deacetylation of target proteins, which are regulated by this reversible lysine modification. During deacetylation, the glycosidic bond of the nicotinamide ribose is cleaved to yield nicotinamide and the ribose accepts the acetyl group from substrate to produce O-acetyl-ADP-ribose (OAADPr), which exists as an(More)