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Retrotransposons constitute over 40% of the human genome and play important roles in the evolution of the genome. Since certain types of retrotransposons, particularly members of the Alu, L1, and SVA families, are still active, their recent and ongoing propagation generates a unique and important class of human genomic diversity/polymorphism (for the(More)
In this paper, we analyze the performance of a CDMA reverse link with an up/down power control algorithm in the presence of fading. We derive a stochastic nonlinear feedback control system model for the power controlled reverse link and study the power control performance based on the nonlinear model using the technique of statistical linearization. We(More)
In this letter, we propose a low complexity linear precoding scheme for downlink multiuser MIMO precoding systems where there is no limit on the number of multiple antennas employed at both the base station and the users. In the proposed algorithm, we can achieve the precoder in two steps. In the first step, we balance the multiuser interference (MUI) and(More)
Gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a natural functional amino acid. In the current study, Lactobacillus brevis TCCC13007, a high GABA-producing strain, was isolated from naturally pickled Chinese vegetables. A two-step cellular bioconversion process was established using L. brevis TCCC13007 for the production of GABA. First, L. brevis cells were grown(More)
In this paper, we study SIR and rate control for CDMA data users on the forward link under average or peak power constraints. The QoS for data users is specified by delay and error rate constraints as well as a family of utility functions representing the throughput and fairness among the data users. It is found that the optimal SIR and rate control(More)
Different defense mechanisms of three spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties were studied by withholding watering in well-watered pots to gradually increase water deficit of plants grown in containers. The strategies of plant adaptation were divided into three phases according to the severity of drought: first, a positive defense phase that started(More)
The rumen hosts one of the most efficient microbial systems for degrading plant cell walls, yet the predominant cellulolytic proteins and fibrolytic mechanism(s) remain elusive. Here we investigated the cellulolytic microbiome of the yak rumen by using a combination of metagenome-based and bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)-based functional screening(More)
Chloride ions have been hypothesized to interact with the membrane outer hair cell (OHC) motor protein, prestin on its intracellular domain to confer voltage sensitivity (Oliver et al., 2001). Thus, we hypothesized previously that transmembrane chloride movements via the lateral membrane conductance of the cell, GmetL, could serve to underlie cochlear(More)
Catecholamine-induced polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a familial disorder caused by cardiac ryanodine receptor type 2 (RyR2) or calsequestrin 2 (CASQ2) gene mutations. To define how CASQ2 mutations cause CPVT, we produced and studied mice carrying a human D307H missense mutation (CASQ(307/307)) or a CASQ2-null mutation (CASQ(DeltaE9/DeltaE9)).(More)
Autologous venous grafts, used to circumvent occluded coronary arteries during coronary artery bypass, often develop thrombosis and neointimal hyperplasia. During neointimal hyperplasia, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), exposed to substantially higher pressure and hemodynamic forces, proliferate and extracellular matrix accumulate causing narrowing of(More)