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Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) generate the electrical slow wave required for normal gastrointestinal motility. The ionic conductances expressed in human intestinal ICC are unknown. The aim of this study was to determine expression of a Na+ current in human intestinal ICC and to determine the effects of the Na+ current on the slow wave. Visually(More)
A mechanosensitive Na(+) current carried by Na(v)1.5 is present in human intestinal circular smooth muscle and contributes to regulation of intestinal motor function. Expression of this channel in different species is unknown. Our aim was to determine if Na(+) currents and message for the alpha subunit of the Na(+) channel (SCN5A) are found in circular(More)
The gaseous molecule hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) has been proposed as an endogenous signal molecule and neuromodulator in mammals. Using a newly developed method, we report here for the first time the ability of intact and living brain and colonic tissue in the mouse to generate and release H(2)S. This production occurs through the activity of two enzymes,(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is pathologically characterized by deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides, which closely correlates with the balance of nerve growth factor (NGF)-related TrkA/p75NTR signaling. (−)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is used for prevention and treatment of many neurodegenerative diseases, including AD. However, whether the(More)
The aims of this study were to quantify the change in resting membrane potential (RMP) across the thickness of the circular muscle layer in the mouse and human small intestine and to determine whether the gradient in RMP is dependent on the endogenous production of carbon monoxide (CO). Conventional sharp glass microelectrodes were used to record the RMPs(More)
Autoimmune autonomic neuropathy (AAN) is an acquired, often severe, form of dysautonomia. Many patients with AAN have serum antibodies specific for the neuronal ganglionic nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). Rabbits immunized with a fusion protein corresponding to the N-terminal extracellular domain of the ganglionic AChR alpha3 subunit produce(More)
Memantine (MEM) is used for improving the cognitive impairments of the patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD) by multiple neuroprotective mechanisms. However, it is still not clear whether nerve growth factor (NGF) signaling is involved in the mechanisms of MEM. The present study investigated the neuroprotective effects of MEM treatment on the(More)
Neuron activity and insulin release were measured simultaneously from 33 preparations of intrapancreatic canine ganglia and pancreatic parenchyma adjacent to the ganglia. The electrical activity of single neurons of the ganglia was recorded with intracellular microelectrodes, and insulin release from the attached islets was determined with an enzyme-linked(More)
In mammalian peripheral sympathetic ganglia GABA acts presynaptically to facilitate cholinergic transmission and postsynaptically to depolarize membrane potential. The GABA effect on parasympathetic pancreatic ganglia is unknown. We aimed to determine the effect of locally applied GABA on cat pancreatic ganglion neurons. Ganglia with attached nerve trunks(More)
Light and confocal microscopy was used to study the anatomy and morphology of cat pancreatic ganglia. Intracellular microelectrodes were used to examine the electrophysiological properties of neurons in the head, body, and tail regions of the pancreas and to compare their responses to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). Pancreatic ganglia were oval shaped, joined(More)