Learn More
—A 120-mV ppd low swing pulse receiver is presented for AC coupled interconnect (ACCI). Using this receiver, 3 Gb/s chip-to-chip communication is demonstrated through a wire-bonded ACCI channel with 150-fF coupling capacitors, across 15-cm FR4 microstrip lines. A test chip was fabricated in TSMC 0.18-m CMOS technology and the driver and pulse receiver(More)
We investigated the effect of chronic administration of morphine on noxious stimulus-induced antinociception (NSIA) produced by intraplantar capsaicin injection. In the untreated (naive) rat, we previously found that NSIA depends on activation of dopamine, nicotinic acetylcholine, and mu- and delta-opioid receptors in nucleus accumbens. Rats chronically(More)
By using current-sensing differential buses with driver pre-emphasis techniques, power dissipation is reduced by 26.0% - 51.2% and peak current is reduced by 63.8%, compared to conventional repeater insertion techniques, for 10mm long buses in TSMC 0.25μm technology. This proposed architecture lowers the worst coupling capacitance to total capacitance(More)
A 16-bit on-chip bus with driver pre-emphasis fabricated in 0.25mum CMOS technology attains an aggregate signaling data rate of 32Gb/s over 5-10mm long lossy interconnects while reducing delay latency by 28.3%, power by 15.0%, and peak current by 70% over a conventional single-ended voltage-mode static bus. The proposed bus is robust against crosstalk noise(More)
Although pretreatment neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte–monocyte ratio (LMR), and platelet–lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are reportedly associated with clinical outcomes of many cancers, their roles in patients with bladder cancer (BCa) who undergo radical cystectomy (RC) have not been widely investigated. We analyzed relationships between preoperative(More)
Recently, regression analysis based classification methods are popular for robust face recognition. These methods use a pixel-based error model, which assumes that errors of pixels are independent. This assumption does not hold in the case of contiguous occlusion, where the errors are spatially correlated. Furthermore, these methods ignore the whole(More)
A heterojunction of n-type zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires and p-type silicon has been successfully constructed to demonstrate ultraviolet (UV) photodiodes. The prototype device consists of naturally doped n-type ZnO nanowires grown on top of a (1 0 0) p-silicon substrate by the bottom-up growth process. The diameter of the nanowires is in the range of 70–120(More)
Recognizing a face with significant lighting, disguise and oc-clusion variations is an interesting and challenging problem in pattern recognition. To address this problem, many regression based methods, represented by sparse representation classifier (SRC), are presented recently. SRC uses the L1-norm to characterize the pixel-level sparse noise but ignore(More)
The Non-Local Means (NLM) filter uses the redundancy of information in the image to remove noise, this scheme gives some of the best results among other powerful methods such as wavelet based approaches or diffusion techniques. Though simple to implement and efficient in practice, the classical NLM suffers from ringing artifacts around edges when using(More)
With rapid developments in science and technology, we now see the ubiquitous use of different types of safety-critical systems in our daily lives such as in avionics, consumer electronics, and medical systems. In such systems, unintentional design faults might result in injury or even death to human beings. To make sure that safety-critical systems are(More)