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When compared to single nerve conduction tests, the combined sensory index (CSI) has been shown previously to have superior sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome. The CSI is the sum of (1) median-ulnar ring finger antidromic latency difference at 14 cm (ring-diff); (2) median-radial thumb antidromic latency difference at 10 cm(More)
Although wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) pericarp starch granule (PSG) has been well-studied, our knowledge of its features and mechanism of accumulation and degradation during pericarp growth is poor. In the present study, developing wheat caryopses were collected and starch granules were extracted from their pericarp to investigate the morphological and(More)
BACKGROUND Neuron loss, glial activation and vascular degeneration are common sequelae of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in ocular diseases. The present study was conducted to explore the ability of curcumin to inhibit retinal I/R injury, and to investigate underlying mechanisms of the drug effects. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Different dosages of(More)
The combined sensory index (CSI), the sum of three latency differences, median-ulnar across the palm (palmdiff), median-ulnar to the ring finger (ringdiff), and median-radial to the thumb (thumbdiff), has higher sensitivity and reliability for carpal tunnel syndrome than individual tests. The objective in this study was to develop an approach that minimizes(More)
A 45,000-mol-wt protein has been purified from unfertilized sea urchin (Strongy-Iocentrotus purpuratus) eggs. The isolation scheme includes DEAE cellulose ion-exchange chromatography, gel filtration, and hydroxylapatite chromatography. The homogeneity of the isolated protein is >90% by SDS PAGE. The 45,000-mol-wt protein reduces the viscosity of actin(More)
We analysed endothelial function and oxidative stress in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism, the effect of glucose load, and the impact of nateglinide. 109 participants were grouped into newly diagnosed diabetes, prediabetes, and control. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial plasma glucose (PPG), glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), and glycated(More)
BACKGROUND Integrins are a family of adhesion receptors which regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, leukocyte migration, and complement receptor-dependent phagocytosis. In invertebrates, as a cell adhesion receptor, β integrins play an important role for the balanced activation of immune defense responses especially during the encounter of(More)
Preterm birth (PTB) is a live birth delivered before 37 weeks of gestation (GW). About one-third of PTBs result from the preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Up to the present, the pathogenic mechanisms underlying PPROM are not clearly understood. Here, we investigated the differential expression of long chain non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in(More)
BACKGROUND Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is responsible for one third of all preterm births (PTBs). We have recently demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are differentially expressed in human placentas derived from PPROM, PTB, premature rupture of the membranes (PROM), and full-term birth (FTB), and determined the major(More)
BACKGROUND The C1q domain containing (C1qDC) proteins refer to a family of all proteins that contain the globular C1q (gC1q) domain, and participate in a series of immune responses depending on their gC1q domains to bind a variety of self and non-self binding ligands. METHODOLOGY In the present study, the mRNA expression patterns, localization, and(More)