Learn More
Melatonin has beneficial effects against early brain injury (EBI) by modulating cerebral oxidative stress after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH); however, few investigations relate to the precise underlying molecular mechanisms. To date, the relation between melatonin and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and antioxidant responsive(More)
OBJECTIVE Incidental (18)F-FDG-avid breast lesions are commonly encountered in patients with cancer who undergo staging PET/CT. This pictorial essay discusses breast lesions that show increased FDG activity, mimicking breast cancer, with biopsy-confirmed benign diagnosis. CONCLUSION Acute and chronic inflammation, physiologic lactation, and benign breast(More)
A 69-year-old man presented with cough, shortness of breath, and fatigue. He was initially treated for allergies and then for pulmonary embolism. Radiologically, a tumor mass was found to occlude the right pulmonary artery and involve the pulmonary trunk. A right pneumonectomy was performed. Histologically, a cellular malignant spindle and epithelioid tumor(More)
BACKGROUND Among patients with core-needle biopsy (CNB)-diagnosed ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), the guidelines for the selection of patients to undergo sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy are not well defined, and many patients with no invasion undergo an unnecessary SLN biopsy. The objective of this study was to identify the predictors of invasion in(More)
We report 12 cases of pulmonary artery sarcoma. The mean age at diagnosis was 48.4 years. Based on histomorphologic features and immunohistochemical findings, 2 tumors were classified as rhabdomyosarcoma, 4 as leiomyosarcoma, 1 as osteogenic sarcoma, 1 as angiosarcoma, and 4 as high-grade sarcoma. All patients underwent surgery. In addition, 7 patients(More)
C- kit encodes the membrane-bound tyrosine kinase KIT, whose expression has been identified in several types of human neoplasms. Recently, KIT has been reported to be a marker for chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and renal angiomyolipoma. However, expression of this molecule has not been adequately studied in other renal tumors, particularly(More)
BACKGROUND Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), a member of polycomb group proteins, is involved in the regulation of cell cycle progression and has been implicated in various human malignancies, including breast cancer, and also has been associated with aggressive tumor behavior. However, the clinical significance of EZH2 expression in inflammatory breast(More)
The current research aimed to investigate the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), aquaporin-4 (AQP-4), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in blood–brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction and cerebral edema formation in a rat subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model. The SAH model was induced by injection of 0.3 ml fresh arterial, non-heparinized blood into(More)
Breast cancer brain metastasis is resistant to therapy and a particularly poor prognostic feature in patient survival. Altered metabolism is a common feature of cancer cells, but little is known as to what metabolic changes benefit breast cancer brain metastases. We found that brain metastatic breast cancer cells evolved the ability to survive and(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to review the histomorphological features of primary neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC) of the breast, in order to identify features useful in recognition of this entity for appropriate classification. METHODS AND RESULTS 2003 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the breast and female genital organs(More)