Learn More
Substantial data indicate that the oncogene microRNA 21 (miR-21) is significantly elevated in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and regulates multiple genes associated with cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasiveness. Thus, miR-21 can theoretically become a target to enhance the chemotherapeutic effect in cancer therapy. So far, the effect of(More)
MiR-221 and miR-222 (miR-221/222), upregulated in gliomas, can regulate glioma cell cycle progression and apoptosis, respectively. However, the association of miR-221/222 with glioma cell invasion and survival remains unknown. Invasion capability of miR-221/222 was detected by mutiple analyses, including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), transwell, wound(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine the association of 19 mutations with frequencies ≥ 10% in the core promoter region of hepatitis B virus (HBV) with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS Eight hundred forty-six asymptomatic hepatitis B surface antigen carriers (ASCs), 235 CHB(More)
MiR-221 and miR-222 (miR-221/222) are frequently up-regulated in various types of human malignancy including glioblastoma. Recent studies have reported that miR-221/222 regulate cell growth and cell cycle progression by targeting p27 and p57. However the underlying mechanism involved in cell survival modulation of miR-221/222 remains elusive. Here we showed(More)
AIMS MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) expression is increased in many types of human malignancy, including glioma. Recent studies report that miR-21 regulates cell invasion by targeting RECK, however, the underlying transcriptional regulation of miR-21 in glioma cells remains elusive. RESULTS Here, we identify a positive correlation between miR-21 expression and(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors examined HIV risk behaviors among African American, Asian/Pacific Islander (API), and Latina male-to-female (MTF) transgender persons in order to improve HIV prevention programs. METHODS Individual survey interviews with MTF transgender persons of color (n = 332; 112 African Americans, 110 Latinas, and 110 APIs) were conducted. (More)
China is experiencing an emerging HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM). We investigated sexual risk, risk perception, HIV and condom knowledge, and utilization of prevention services in the first large sample of MSM recruited in Beijing. Four hundred eighty-two MSM were sampled from September 2001 to January 2002. Forty-nine percent of(More)
MicroRNAs are strongly implicated in cancer but their specific roles and functions in the major cancers have yet to be fully elucidated. In this study, we defined the expression and function of miR-137, which we found to be downregulated in glioma samples and glioma cells by qRT-PCR. Ectopic expression of miR-137 in glioma cell lines inhibited proliferation(More)
miR-221 and miR-222 (miR-221/222) are frequently up-regulated in human epithelial cancers. However, the mechanism of miR-221/222 action involved in carcinogenesis has not been extensively studied. Here, we found that reduction of miR-221/222 inhibited cell proliferation and induced mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis in human epithelial cancer cells (A549 lung(More)
Extensive data have shown that Wnt/beta-catenin signaling is associated with various disease pathologies, including an important role in tumorigenesis. Here, we review the regulation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling in glioma, with particular focus on the expression signatures of the main components in Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, the role of key factors in(More)