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Growing evidence indicates that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) enhance wound repair via paracrine. Because the extent of environmental oxygenation affects the innate characteristics of BM-MSCs, including their stemness and migration capacity, the current study set out to elucidate and compare the impact of normoxic and hypoxic(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for cell therapy relies on the capacity of these cells to home and engraft long-term into the appropriate target tissue(s). Homing of MSC to bone marrow (BM) post-transplantation can occur, but does so with only poor efficiency. This study was designed to evaluate the role of the SDF-1/CXCR4(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Fermentation production of biofuel ethanol consumes agricultural crops, which will compete directly with the food supply. As an alternative, photosynthetic cyanobacteria have been proposed as microbial factories to produce ethanol directly from solar energy and CO2. However, the ethanol productivity from photoautotrophic(More)
A fundamental aspect in performance engineering of wireless networks is optimizing the set of links that can be concurrently activated to meet given signal-to-interference-and-noise ratio (SINR) thresholds. The solution of this combinatorial problem is the key element in scheduling and cross-layer resource management. Previous works on link activation(More)
Fractional Frequency Reuse (FFR) is one of the key concepts for enhancing cell-edge performance of OFDMA networks. Standard FFR allows one sub-band to be allocated for each cell. This limits the performance improvement of cell edge users, especially those bandwidth-sensitive users. With flexible sub-band allocation, cell edge can be allocated more(More)
BACKGROUND Photosynthetic cyanobacteria have been recently proposed as a 'microbial factory' to produce butanol due to their capability to utilize solar energy and CO2 as the sole energy and carbon sources, respectively. However, to improve the productivity, one key issue needed to be addressed is the low tolerance of the photosynthetic hosts to butanol. (More)
Wnt and Notch signaling pathways are critically involved in relative cell fate decisions within the development of cutaneous tissues. Moreover, several studies identified the above two pathways as having a significant role during wound healing. However, their biological effects during cutaneous tissues repair are unclear. We employed a self-controlled model(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that photosynthetic cyanobacteria could be an excellent cell factory to produce renewable biofuels and chemicals due to their capability to utilize solar energy and CO2 as the sole energy and carbon sources. Biosynthesis of carbon-neutral biofuel alkanes with good chemical and physical properties has been(More)
BACKGROUND Biofuel has been the focus of intensive global research over the past few years. The development of 4th generation biofuel production (algae-to-biofuels) based on metabolic engineering of algae is still in its infancy, one of the main barriers is our lacking of understanding of microalgal growth, metabolism and biofuel production. Although fatty(More)