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Biogenic corrosion of sewers represents a cost of about 10% of total sewage treatment cost in Flanders (Belgium) and is further increasing. In the past, research has resulted in a number of prevention methods, such as injection of air, oxygen, H(2)O(2), NaClO, FeCl(3) and FeSO(4). The possibility of biological oxidation of sulfide using nitrate as the(More)
Only 1-2 percent of discarded dry batteries are recovered in China. It is necessary to find an economic and environmentally friendly process to recycle dry batteries in this developing country. Bioleaching is one of the few techniques applicable for the recovery of the toxic metals from hazardous spent batteries. Its principle is the microbial production of(More)
BACKGROUND Rhododendron is a group of famous landscape plants with high medicinal value. However, there is no simple or universal manner to discriminate the various species of this group. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) barcoding technique is a new biological tool that can accurately and objectively identify species by using short and standard DNA regions. (More)
Seed mass and morphology are plant life history traits that influence seed dispersal ability, seeding establishment success, and population distribution pattern. Southeastern Tibet is a diversity center for Rhododendron species, which are distributed from a few hundred meters to 5500 m above sea level. We examined intra- and interspecific variation in seed(More)
Hydrogen sulfide emission in sewers is associated with toxicity, corrosion, odour nuisance and high costs. In this study, a new method to inhibit sulfide generation by means of formaldehyde and its derivatives has been evaluated under anaerobic conditions. The possible impact of formaldehyde on an activated sludge system and an appraisal of the economic(More)
It is known that cell potential increases while anode resistance decreases during the start-up of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Biological capacitance, defined as the apparent capacitance attributed to biological activity including biofilm production, plays a role in this phenomenon. In this research, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was employed to(More)
One of the major challenges of anaerobic technology is its applicability for low strength wastewaters, such as sewage. The lab-scale design and performance of a novel Gradual Concentric Chambers (GCC) reactor treating low (165+/-24 mg COD/L) and medium strength (550 mg COD/L) domestic wastewaters were studied. Experimental data were collected to evaluate(More)
Hydrogen sulfide emission in sewers is associated with toxicity, corrosion, odor nuisance and a lot of costs. The possibility to inhibit sulfide generation by formaldehyde and its derivatives (paraformaldehyde and urea formaldehyde) has been evaluated under anaerobic conditions. The impact of formaldehyde on an activated sludge system and an appraisal of(More)
Different depths of soils under 6 tree stands in Lushan Botany Garden were sampled and water-digested at room temperature. The dissolved aluminum and organic carbon were then determined by colorimetry, using 8-hydroxylquilin and TOC Analyzer, respectively. The results indicated that even derived from a naturally identical soil type, the test soils exhibited(More)
This work focused on studying the effect of the chemical oxidation demand to sulfide ratio (COD/S) on power generation and sulfide oxidation in microbial fuel cells treating sulfide-rich wastewater containing organic contaminants. The maximum power density achieved was 20 +/- 1 W m(-3) V(Anode) and the C(oulombic) yield was 20 +/- 2%. The COD/S ofinfluent(More)