Leena Nyman

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Medetomidine (4-[1-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)ethyl]-1H-imidazole) was tested for alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist activity and compared to several reference agents. In binding studies carried out with rat brain membrane preparations, medetomidine showed high affinity for alpha 2-adrenoceptors, as measured by the displacement of [3H]clonidine (Ki 1.08 nM compared to(More)
In order to compare the multiple-dose bioavailability of carbamazepine (CBZ) from 2 slow-release preparations, Neurotol slow and Tegretol Retard, a single-blind, randomized, cross-over study was carried out. 21 adult patients with epilepsy were enrolled in the study. At the end of both 2-week treatment periods, a blood sample series was drawn after the(More)
The present study investigated the effect of postischaemic infusion of an irreversible monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitor, l-deprenyl, an equipotent dose of a reversible MAO-B inhibitor, lazabemide, or 0.9% NaCl on infarct volumes following focal cerebral ischaemia in rats. The drug doses (0.3 mg/kg) were selected to induce selective MAO-B inhibition(More)
Indirect experimental evidence suggests that drugs acting on the alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor could be useful in the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. In rodent brain, the highest levels of alpha(2C)-adrenoceptors are found in the striatum, with lower levels in cerebral cortex and hippocampus. In human brain, because of(More)
  • M C Wiedner, G Wieching, F Bielau, K Rettenbacher, U U Graf, C E Honingh +8 others
  • 2006
Context. The THz atmospheric " windows, " centered at roughly 1.3 and 1.5 THz, contain numerous spectral lines of astronomical importance, including three high-J CO lines, the [N II] line at 205 µm, and the ground transition of para-H 2 D +. The CO lines are tracers of hot (several 100 K), dense gas; [N II] is a cooling line of diffuse, ionized gas; the H 2(More)
  • B Larsson, R Liseau, L Pagani, P Bergman, P Bernath, N Biver +52 others
  • 2007
Context. Molecular oxygen, O 2 , has been expected historically to be an abundant component of the chemical species in molecular clouds and, as such, an important coolant of the dense interstellar medium. However, a number of attempts from both ground and from space have failed to detect O 2 emission. Aims. The work described here uses heterodyne(More)
The sedative effect and mechanism of action of a novel imidazole derivative, detomidine, were studied in laboratory animals. Three methods were used to quantify drug-induced sedation: (i) decrease in spontaneous activity of mice; (ii) increase in barbiturate induced anaesthesia time in mice; (iii) loss of righting reflex in chicks. Clonidine and xylazine(More)
To determine if the inhibition of MAO-A and/or MAO-B activities can influence cognitive processes in adult rats, we analysed whether chronic treatment with clorgyline, 1-deprenyl and pargyline could modify the performance of adult rats in a modified version of the water maze task. The effects of these treatments on locomotor activity and enzyme activities(More)
The in vitro receptor interactions of detomidine, a novel veterinary sedative analgesic, were studied. Detomidine caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of the twitch response in electrically stimulated mouse vas deferens with a pD2 value of 8.8. Clonidine and xylazine had the same effect with pD2 values of 8.7 and 7.5, respectively. The effect of(More)
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