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In view of conflicting data in the literature regarding the enzyme(s) responsible for metabolism of selegiline, a drug used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, investigations were carried out in vitro using the human cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4 recombinantly expressed in(More)
Although being a drug therapeutically used for a long time, the enzymatic metabolism of selegiline has not been adequately studied. In the current work we have studied the cytochrome P450 (CYP)-catalyzed oxidative metabolism of selegiline to desmethylselegiline and 1-methamphetamine and the effects of selegiline, desmethylselegiline and 1-methamphetamine on(More)
The present study investigated the effect of postischaemic infusion of an irreversible monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitor, l-deprenyl, an equipotent dose of a reversible MAO-B inhibitor, lazabemide, or 0.9% NaCl on infarct volumes following focal cerebral ischaemia in rats. The drug doses (0.3 mg/kg) were selected to induce selective MAO-B inhibition(More)
To determine if the inhibition of MAO-A and/or MAO-B activities can influence cognitive processes in adult rats, we analysed whether chronic treatment with clorgyline, 1-deprenyl and pargyline could modify the performance of adult rats in a modified version of the water maze task. The effects of these treatments on locomotor activity and enzyme activities(More)
Indirect experimental evidence suggests that drugs acting on the alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor could be useful in the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. In rodent brain, the highest levels of alpha(2C)-adrenoceptors are found in the striatum, with lower levels in cerebral cortex and hippocampus. In human brain, because of(More)
Selegiline was used as a model compound in a project aimed at comparing, evaluating, and integrating different in vitro approaches for the prediction of cytochrome p450 (p450)-catalyzed hepatic drug metabolism in humans (EUROCYP). Metabolic predictions were generated using homology modeling, cDNA-expressed p450 enzymes, human liver microsomes, primary(More)
In order to compare the multiple-dose bioavailability of carbamazepine (CBZ) from 2 slow-release preparations, Neurotol slow and Tegretol Retard, a single-blind, randomized, cross-over study was carried out. 21 adult patients with epilepsy were enrolled in the study. At the end of both 2-week treatment periods, a blood sample series was drawn after the(More)
BACKGROUND Rifampin (INN, rifampicin) is a potent inducer of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes involved in drug metabolism and therefore causes many drug interactions. METHODS The effects of rifampin on the pharmacokinetics of tamoxifen (study I) and toremifene (study II) were examined in 2 randomized, placebo-controlled crossover studies. Ten (study I) or 9(More)
Objective: To characterise the effects of itraconazole, a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4, on the pharmacokinetics of selegiline in healthy volunteers. Methods: In this randomised, placebo-controlled crossover study with two phases, 12 healthy volunteers took either 200 mg itraconazole or matched placebo once daily for 4 days. On day 4, a single 10-mg oral dose(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the possible impact of CYP2D6 polymorphism on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of selegiline. METHODS Five poor metabolizers and 8 extensive metabolizers of debrisoquin (INN, debrisoquine) were given 10 mg selegiline hydrochloride. The concentrations of selegiline and its main metabolites in serum were determined for 4(More)