Leena Nyman

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Medetomidine (4-[1-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)ethyl]-1H-imidazole) was tested for alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist activity and compared to several reference agents. In binding studies carried out with rat brain membrane preparations, medetomidine showed high affinity for alpha 2-adrenoceptors, as measured by the displacement of [3H]clonidine (Ki 1.08 nM compared to(More)
The present study investigated the effect of postischaemic infusion of an irreversible monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitor, l-deprenyl, an equipotent dose of a reversible MAO-B inhibitor, lazabemide, or 0.9% NaCl on infarct volumes following focal cerebral ischaemia in rats. The drug doses (0.3 mg/kg) were selected to induce selective MAO-B inhibition(More)
Indirect experimental evidence suggests that drugs acting on the alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor could be useful in the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. In rodent brain, the highest levels of alpha(2C)-adrenoceptors are found in the striatum, with lower levels in cerebral cortex and hippocampus. In human brain, because of(More)
In view of conflicting data in the literature regarding the enzyme(s) responsible for metabolism of selegiline, a drug used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, investigations were carried out in vitro using the human cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4 recombinantly expressed in(More)
Background: Abnormal fatty acid metabolism is an important feature in the mechanisms of insulin resistance and b-cell dysfunction. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1a (CPT-1a, liver isoform) has a pivotal role in the regulation of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. We investigated the role of CPT-1a in the development of impaired glucose tolerance using a(More)
The sedative effect and mechanism of action of a novel imidazole derivative, detomidine, were studied in laboratory animals. Three methods were used to quantify drug-induced sedation: (i) decrease in spontaneous activity of mice; (ii) increase in barbiturate induced anaesthesia time in mice; (iii) loss of righting reflex in chicks. Clonidine and xylazine(More)
To determine if the inhibition of MAO-A and/or MAO-B activities can influence cognitive processes in adult rats, we analysed whether chronic treatment with clorgyline, 1-deprenyl and pargyline could modify the performance of adult rats in a modified version of the water maze task. The effects of these treatments on locomotor activity and enzyme activities(More)
The in vitro receptor interactions of detomidine, a novel veterinary sedative analgesic, were studied. Detomidine caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of the twitch response in electrically stimulated mouse vas deferens with a pD2 value of 8.8. Clonidine and xylazine had the same effect with pD2 values of 8.7 and 7.5, respectively. The effect of(More)
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