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A collection of 20 strains of Helicobacter pylori from several regions of the world was studied to better understand the population genetic structure and diversity of this species. Sequences of fragments from seven housekeeping genes (atpA, efp, mutY, ppa, trpC, ureI, yphC ) and two virulence-associated genes (cagA, vacA) showed high levels of synonymous(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Distinct allelic types of Helicobacter pylori vacA have been defined. The geographic distribution of vacA alleles and cagA was assessed in this study. METHODS A total of 735 cultures from patients in 24 countries were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and reverse hybridization on a line probe assay (LiPA). RESULTS In 124 (16.9%) of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Pro-inflammatory polymorphisms within the genes interleukin (IL)-1B and IL-1RN are associated with risk for gastric carcinoma (GC) in Helicobacter pylori-infected individuals. We aimed to determine the association between variation of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha gene and the risk for chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and GC. We(More)
The outcome of Helicobacter pylori infection has been associated with specific virulence-associated bacterial genotypes. The present study aimed to investigate the gastric histopathology in Portuguese and Colombian patients infected with H. pylori and to assess its relationship with bacterial virulence-associated vacA, cagA, and iceA genotypes. A total of(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical outcome of Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with virulence-associated bacterial genotypes. This study assessed the relationships between vacA, cagA and iceA genotypes and gastric diseases in Portuguese patients. METHODS A total of 319 patients were endoscoped and gastric biopsy specimens were studied by PCR and reverse(More)
The present report describes an analysis of two virulence genes of Helicobacter pylori. Parts of the cagA gene, as well as parts from the signal (s) and middle (m) regions of the mosaic vacA gene, were amplified with biotin-labelled PCR primers and the products were subsequently analyzed by a single-step reverse hybridization line probe assay (LiPA). This(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in young adults in Asia. METHODS We invited female and male students in Busan, South Korea, to participate in a survey that included, for females, self-collection of vaginal cells and, for males, physician-performed collection of exfoliated genital cells. The(More)
The diversity of the cytotoxin-associated gene (cagA) of Helicobacter pylori was analyzed in 45 isolates obtained from nine countries. We examined variation in the 5' end of the cagA open reading frame as determined by PCR and sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis revealed the existence of at least two distinct types of cagA. One variant (cagA1) was found(More)
To test the theoretical possibility of 5'-UR mistyping between hepatitis C virus subtypes 1a and 1b, we combined a 5'-UR/Core line probe assay (LiPA) with a nested PCR system and retested 183 sera, previously genotyped as type 1a or 1b and originating mainly from Western Europe. Eight percent of these were found to be wrongly subtyped. Based on this method,(More)
BACKGROUND Both Helicobacter pylori genotype and host genetic polymorphisms play a role in determining the clinical consequences of H. pylori infection. We investigated whether there are any combinations of bacterial and host genotypes that are particularly associated with the occurrence of gastric carcinoma. METHODS Genotypic variations in(More)