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Proponents of endoscopic carpal tunnel release have been advocating the technique for more than 10 years but there is still debate about its efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness. We have performed a randomized, prospective, blind trial to compare early outcome after single portal endoscopic or open carpal tunnel surgery and to assess the(More)
OBJECTIVE To test whether a drug review and symptom self management and lifestyle advice intervention by community pharmacists could reduce hospital admissions or mortality in heart failure patients. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING Home based intervention in heart failure patients. PARTICIPANTS 293 patients diagnosed with heart failure(More)
Anterior knee pain due to dysplasia of the extensor mechanism is common. We have studied 137 knees (103 patients) in order to identify a rapid and reproducible radiological feature which would indicate the need for further analysis. Overall, 67 knees (49%) had at least one radiological abnormality; 70 (51%) were considered normal. There were five cases of(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that enthesophyte formation and osteophyte growth are positively associated and to look for associations between bone formation at different sites on the skeleton so that a simple measure of bone formation could be derived. METHODS Visual examination of 337 adult skeletons. All common sites of either enthesophyte or(More)
UNLABELLED Shock wave therapy has been used for treatment of several soft tissue disorders that are characterized by chronic pain. We sought to determine if shock wave therapy reduces chronic Achilles tendon pain. Forty-nine patients were enrolled in a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial. Each patient was treated once a month for 3 months. The(More)
The radiographs of 206 knees from 174 consecutive patients were reported blinded regarding joint space narrowing. Minimum joint space was measured using a millimeter ruler on weightbearing posteroanterior and skyline patellofemoral radiographs. Lateral radiographs were reported solely in terms of presence or absence of patellofemoral arthritis. The results(More)
Five hundred patients with established, symptomatic limb joint OA have been recruited into an on-going prospective study of the natural history of the condition. Four hundred and fifteen patients (mean age 65.6 years, female to male ratio 2.05:1) were available for a full clinical and radiographic review 3 years after entry (mean entry to follow-up interval(More)
We performed two independent, randomised, controlled trials in order to assess the potential benefits of immediate weight-bearing mobilisation after rupture of the tendo Achillis. The first trial, on operatively-treated patients showed an improved functional outcome for patients mobilised fully weight-bearing after surgical repair. Two cases of re-rupture(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the potential relation between cumulative exposure to cigarette smoking in patients with or without rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and a positive family history of the disease. METHODS 239 outpatient based patients with RA were compared with 239 controls matched for age, sex, and social class. A detailed smoking history was recorded(More)
BACKGROUND Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), Churg Strauss syndrome (CSS) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) are primary systemic vasculitides (PSV), the clinical features of which have been described from tertiary centres. AIM To provide the first clinical description of MPA from a general hospital and compare clinical features with WG and CSS. DESIGN(More)