Learn More
Newborn Holstein bull calves were fed either analytical pentachlorophenol (aPCP) or technical pentachlorophenol (tPCP) for 6 wk to establish and compare the clinical and pathologic manifestations of toxicity. Four groups of three calves/group were each fed either 1 or 10 mg X (kg body weight)-1 X d-1 of either aPCP or tPCP. A fifth group served as control.(More)
Eight lactating Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle were randomly allotted as pairs to eight a control or a treatment group fed technical pentachlorophenol (penta) from 6 +/-1 wk postpartum for about 135 d (0.2 mg/kg.d for 75-84 d followed by 2.0 mg/kg.d for 56-62 d). Jugular blood was drawn periodically for immunologic studies. Leukocyte differentials and(More)
The capacity of the testis to metabolize xenobiotics has been proposed to play a role in the susceptibility of different species to testicular toxicity. Since species differences in testicular xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme activities are not well documented, the primary objective of the present study was to compare enzyme activities in subcellular(More)
Microsomal and cytosolic enzymes that metabolize xenobiotics were measured in composite samples representing entire livers and in samples from three lobes, using livers of cattle, goats and sheep. Within individual species, concentrations of cytochrome P-450 and b5 and activities of NADPH cytochrome c reductase, aldrin epoxidase, aminopyrine N-demethylase,(More)
Young female pastel mink and young female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intraperitoneally on 3 sequential days with 50 mg/kg of either 2,4,2',4' tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB) or 3,4,3',4'-TCB and sacrificed after 7 days. Two control groups were established for each species; one allowed free access to food, and one pair-fed to the 3,4,3',4'-TCB-treatment(More)
Mink have been shown previously to be extraordinarily sensitive to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and related classes of halogenated hydrocarbons. This study explored several aspects of the acute response of mink to two purified tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB) congeners and compared their response with that of the rat, a less sensitive and more thoroughly(More)
Synthetic and natural toxicants are constituents of soil, air, water and foodstuffs. Their impact on animal agriculture has resulted from acute and chronic intoxication and residues transferred into meat, dairy and poultry products. Recent advances in analytical chemistry and the sciences associated with toxicology have allowed better assessment of the(More)
Male mice were treated with structurally diverse herbicides to study their effect on liver xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes. Chlorfiurecol, trifluralin, alachlor, propham, MCPP and 2,4-DP caused increases in phase I (cytochrome P-450, ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase, and/or aminopyrine N-demethylase) and phase II (microsomal epoxide hydrolase and cytosolic(More)
Egg yolk was spiked with p,p'-dicofol (p,p'-DCF) (0.1-2.0 micrograms/gm), p,p'-dichlorobenzophenone (p,p'-DCBP) (0.1-2.0 micrograms/gm), and 1,1-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2-dichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE) (0.05-1.0 micrograms/gm). The fortified egg yolk (2-5 g) was mixed with acetonitrile to extract non-fat organic materials. After removal of acetonitrile, the(More)