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Aluminum (Al) toxicity is a major constraint for crop production in acid soils, although crop cultivars vary in their tolerance to Al. We have investigated the potential role of citrate in mediating Al tolerance in Al-sensitive yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae; MMYO11) and canola (Brassica napus cv Westar). Yeast disruption mutants defective in genes(More)
The three isozymes of isocitrate dehydrogenase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae differ in subunit structure, subcellular location, and cofactor specificity. The two mitochondrial isozymes, IDH and IDP1, are NAD- and NADP-specific, respectively. Several lines of evidence presented here confirm the importance of IDH to respiratory processes. Expression of IDH RNA(More)
The cytosolic isozyme of NADP-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDP2) was purified from a Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant containing a chromosomal disruption in the gene encoding the mitochondrial isozyme (IDP1). IDP2 was shown to be a homodimer with a subunit molecular weight of approximately 45,000 and an isoelectric point of 5.5. Amino acid sequences(More)
Production of NADPH in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells grown on glucose has been attributed to glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (Zwf1p) and a cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenase (Ald6p) (Grabowska, D., and Chelstowska, A. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 13984-13988). This was based on compensation by overexpression of Ald6p for phenotypes associated with ZWF1 gene(More)
The nucleotide sequence corresponding to codons for the 17-amino acid residues in the presumed targeting presequence for yeast mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase was removed by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis of the isolated gene (MDH1). Integrative transformation was used to insert the "leaderless" gene (mdhl-) into the MDH1 chromosomal locus of a(More)
To compare roles of specific enzymes in supply of NADPH for cellular biosynthesis, collections of yeast mutants were constructed by gene disruptions and matings. These mutants include haploid strains containing all possible combinations of deletions in yeast genes encoding three differentially compartmentalized isozymes of NADP+-specific isocitrate(More)
Mitochondrial NADP(H)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDP1) was purified from yeast cells grown with acetate as a carbon source. IDP1 was shown to be a dimer with a subunit molecular weight of approximately 45,000. Immunochemical levels of IDP1 were found to vary in inverse proportion with those of mitochondrial NAD(H)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase(More)
The cDNA for porcine mitochondrial NADP-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase was isolated from a lambda gt11 library using polymerase chain reaction. Translation of the DNA sequence gave a 413-residue amino acid sequence and a calculated molecular weight of 46,600 for the mature polypeptide. Previously determined peptide sequences for the amino terminus and(More)
The major nonmitochondrial isozyme of malate dehydrogenase (MDH2) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells grown with acetate as a carbon source was purified and shown by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to have a subunit molecular weight of approximately 42,000. Enzyme assays and an antiserum prepared against the purified protein were(More)