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OBJECTIVE This cross sectional study examined the relationship between parental health literacy (HL), diabetes related numeracy, and parental perceived diabetes self-efficacy on glycemic control in a sample of young children with Type 1 DM. METHODS Seventy primary caregivers of children (age 3-9 years) with Type 1 DM were recruited and surveyed at(More)
OBJECTIVE Poor quality and variability of medication labeling have been cited as key contributors to medication misuse. We assessed the format and content of labels and materials packaged with common pediatric liquid nonprescription medications. METHODS Descriptive study. A total of 200 top-selling pediatric oral liquid nonprescription medications (during(More)
STUDY DESIGN This was a survey of 235 individuals with and 132 individuals without documented low back pain. OBJECTIVES To approximate the magnitude of potential reporting biases in estimates of prevalence of and medical care use in low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The use of survey techniques presents several possible biases in the reporting(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess book-sharing activities within first-generation Hispanic immigrant families, and to assess the effect of pediatricians giving books to their patients. DESIGN Survey. PARTICIPANTS Convenience sample of 122 predominantly Hispanic immigrant parents of children aged 2 months to 5 years. Of these parents, 56 had received children's books(More)
OBJECTIVE Concerns about the safety and efficacy of over-the-counter cold medications have led to a recent US Food and Drug Administration public health advisory against their use in children <2 years of age. Our goal was to examine caregiver understanding of the age indication of over-the-counter cold medication labels and identify factors, associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the evidence for interventions designed to prevent or reduce overweight and obesity in children younger than 2 years. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, Web of Science, and references from relevant articles. STUDY SELECTION Included were published studies that evaluated an intervention(More)
A multicenter, randomized, evaluator-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study was conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of glycyl-l-histidyl-l-lysine: copper complex (lamin Gel) in the treatment of diabetic neuropathic ulcers. All patients were enrolled in an aggressive standardized wound care protocol consisting of sharp debridement at study(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence of low health literacy among adolescents, young adults, and child caregivers in the United States, the readability of common child-health information, and the relationship between literacy and child health. DATA SOURCES MedLine, Educational Resources Information Center, National Library of Medicine, PsychInfo, Harvard(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the health literacy of US parents and explore the role of health literacy in mediating child health disparities. METHODS A cross-sectional study was performed for a nationally representative sample of US parents from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. Parent performance on 13 child health-related tasks was assessed by(More)
BACKGROUND One in 4 US adults have poor health literacy, unable to read and understand written medical information. Current tools that assess health literacy skills are too lengthy to be useful in routine clinical encounters. OBJECTIVE To determine which of 7 screening questions is most useful for identifying parents with adequate health literacy. (More)