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OBJECTIVE Concerns about the safety and efficacy of over-the-counter cold medications have led to a recent US Food and Drug Administration public health advisory against their use in children <2 years of age. Our goal was to examine caregiver understanding of the age indication of over-the-counter cold medication labels and identify factors, associated with(More)
CONTEXT In response to reports of unintentional drug overdoses among children given over-the-counter (OTC) liquid medications, in November 2009 the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released new voluntary industry guidelines that recommend greater consistency and clarity in OTC medication dosing directions and their accompanying measuring devices. (More)
OBJECTIVE To assess parental health literacy and numeracy skills in understanding instructions for caring for young children, and to develop and validate a new parental health literacy scale, the Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT). METHODS Caregivers of infants (age <13 months) were recruited in a cross-sectional study at pediatric clinics(More)
OBJECTIVE Poor quality and variability of medication labeling have been cited as key contributors to medication misuse. We assessed the format and content of labels and materials packaged with common pediatric liquid nonprescription medications. METHODS Descriptive study. A total of 200 top-selling pediatric oral liquid nonprescription medications (during(More)
OBJECTIVE This cross sectional study examined the relationship between parental health literacy (HL), diabetes related numeracy, and parental perceived diabetes self-efficacy on glycemic control in a sample of young children with Type 1 DM. METHODS Seventy primary caregivers of children (age 3-9 years) with Type 1 DM were recruited and surveyed at(More)
Supplemental Information is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text, and links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of the article on the journal's Web site In the last decade, universal newborn screening (NBS) has entered a new era of promise and controversy. With the use of tandem mass spectroscopy, states(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the health literacy of US parents and explore the role of health literacy in mediating child health disparities. METHODS A cross-sectional study was performed for a nationally representative sample of US parents from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. Parent performance on 13 child health-related tasks was assessed by(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence of low health literacy among adolescents, young adults, and child caregivers in the United States, the readability of common child-health information, and the relationship between literacy and child health. DATA SOURCES MedLine, Educational Resources Information Center, National Library of Medicine, PsychInfo, Harvard(More)
This study was done to evaluate the spectrum of diagnoses and identify risk factors for significant kidney disease in asymptomatic children with proteinuria and/or microhematuria detected by routine urinalysis. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained by retrospective chart review of 239 patients referred to a tertiary care center. The predominant(More)
STUDY DESIGN This was a survey of 235 individuals with and 132 individuals without documented low back pain. OBJECTIVES To approximate the magnitude of potential reporting biases in estimates of prevalence of and medical care use in low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The use of survey techniques presents several possible biases in the reporting(More)