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Basal energy expenditure accounts for a large component of energy losses, and a clinical estimate of this form of thermogenesis is usually derived from a prediction equation. The most widely used prediction equation was developed in 1919 by Harris and Benedict. The energy requirements of healthy and diseased individuals are often estimated from application(More)
Controversy exists as to whether administration of a chemically defined diet alters toxicity to chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate toxicity to methotrexate in rats fed a chemically defined liquid diet or a regular chow diet. In the first study, 48 adult rats were randomized to be fed a chemically defined liquid diet or a regular diet(More)
Administration of a chemically defined, elemental diet to rats given 20 mg/kg of methotrexate intraperitoneally has consistently resulted in a 100% mortality from severe enteritis within 156 h. This study examined the importance of specific dietary components in the etiology of this enhanced toxicity. Rats were given their respective diets for 7 days,(More)
OBJECTIVES Certain diagnostic radiology procedures may expose patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to radiation and increase the risk for cancer. In the present study, we quantify the acute and cumulative effective dose of diagnostic radiation received by a cohort of pediatric patients with IBD. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with IBD were(More)
Controversy exists as to the validity and reliability of hood and mask systems in measuring indirect calorimetry. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of repeat measurements of resting energy expenditure (REE) in volunteers. Paired REE measurements were performed in 23 subjects after an overnight fast using hood and(More)
The toxic effects of methotrexate administration [20 mg/kg, bolus intraperitoneally (ip)] to rats fed a regular chow diet (n = 10) was compared with results in animals fed an elemental, chemically defined, liquid diet (n = 10) for 7 days. All animals receiving an elemental diet became anorectic and lethargic within 60 hr of methotrexate injection. All(More)
In contrast to the conclusions from traditional reviews, meta-analysis shows that certain types of postage have an important effect on return rates to mail surveys. In particular, US business reply postage should not be used in survey research. Comments Postprint version. Published in Journal of the Market Research Society, Volume 32, 1990, pages 469-471.(More)