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The potential of microorganisms for enhancing carbon capture and storage (CCS) via mineral-trapping (where dissolved CO(2) is precipitated in carbonate minerals) and solubility trapping (as dissolved carbonate species in solution) was investigated. The bacterial hydrolysis of urea (ureolysis) was investigated in microcosms including synthetic brine (SB)(More)
Microbially-induced calcium carbonate (CaCO3) precipitation (MICP) is a widely explored and promising technology for use in various engineering applications. In this review, CaCO3 precipitation induced via urea hydrolysis (ureolysis) is examined for improving construction materials, cementing porous media, hydraulic control, and remediating environmental(More)
A scanning polarized lidar was used to detect flying honey bees trained to locate buried land mines through odor detection. A lidar map of bee density shows good correlation with maps of chemical plume strength and bee density determined by visual and video counts. The co-polarized lidar backscatter signal was found to be more effective than the(More)
An instrument is demonstrated that can be used for optical detection of honeybees in a cluttered environment. The instrument uses a continuous-wave diode laser with a center wavelength of 808 nm and an output power of 28 mW as the laser transmitter source. Light scattered from moving honeybee wings will produce an intensity-modulated signal at a(More)
The fundamental quantum mechanics, group theory, and spectroscopy of methyl torsional structure accompanying electronic transitions is presented. The origin of barriers to internal rotation and the interaction of the methyl with the pi system via hyperconjugation are discussed. Because of the relationship between the methyl barrier and the pi system,(More)
A field facility located in Bozeman, Montana provides the opportunity to test methods to detect, locate, and quantify potential CO 2 leakage from geologic storage sites. From 9 July to 7 August 2008, 0.3 t CO 2 day-1 were injected from a 100-m long, *2.5-m deep horizontal well. Repeated measurements of soil CO 2 fluxes on a grid characterized the(More)
[1] We tested the ability of eddy covariance (EC) to detect, locate, and quantify surface CO 2 flux leakage signals within a background ecosystem. For 10 days starting on 9 July 2007, and for 7 days starting on 3 August 2007, 0.1 (Release 1) and 0.3 (Release 2) t CO 2 d À1 , respectively, were released from a horizontal well $100 m in length and $2.5 m in(More)
This study develops a probability framework to evaluate subsurface risks associated with commercial-scale carbon sequestration in the Kevin Dome, Montana. Limited knowledge of the spatial distribution of physical attributes of the storage reservoir and the confining rocks in the area requires using regional data to estimate project risks during the pre-site(More)
Two laser-based instruments for carbon sequestration site monitoring have been developed and tested at a controlled carbon dioxide (CO(2)) release facility. The first instrument uses a temperature tunable distributed feedback (DFB) diode laser capable of accessing the 2.0027-2.0042 microm spectral region that contains three CO(2) absorption lines and is(More)
Mitigation strategies for sealing high permeability regions in cap rocks, such as fractures or improperly abandoned wells, are important considerations in the long term security of geologically stored carbon dioxide (CO(2)). Sealing technologies using low-viscosity fluids are advantageous in this context since they potentially reduce the necessary injection(More)