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Total-body irradiation (TBI) is a therapy modality that is being used with increasing frequency, in conjunction with chemotherapy, for patients undergoing bone-marrow transplantation. At the Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre a technique has been developed for the delivery of TBI to patients prior to bone-marrow transplantation. In this technique patients are(More)
Carbon fiber is commonly used in radiation therapy for treatment tabletops and various immobilization and support devices, partially because it is generally perceived to be almost radiotransparent to high-energy photons. To avoid exposure to normal tissue during modern radiation therapy, one must deliver the radiation from all gantry angles; hence, beams(More)
PURPOSE To measure the effect of the treatment couch on dose distributions and to investigate the ability of a modern planning system to accurately model these effects. METHODS This work measured the dose perturbation at depth and in the dose buildup region when one of two treatment couches, CIVCO (formerly MED-TEC) or Medical Intelligence, was placed(More)
The dosimetric impact from devices external to the patient is a complex combination of increased skin dose, reduced tumor dose, and altered dose distribution. Although small monitor unit or dose corrections are routinely made for blocking trays, ion chamber correction factors, e.g., accounting for temperature and pressure, or tissue inhomogeneities, the(More)
We present a rare case of advanced basal cell carcinoma where multiple large lesions, located on the anterior chest wall and back, were treated simultaneously using tomotherapy (TomoTherapy HiArt; TomoTherapy Inc, Madison, WI). A 74-year-old man presented with seven to eight separate extensive lesions on his body, some with a duration of 7 years or more.(More)
Blood flow is a critical parameter for obtaining satisfactory temperature distributions during clinical hyperthermia. This study examines the changes in blood flow distribution in normal porcine skeletal muscle before, during and after a period of regional microwave hyperthermia. The baseline blood flow distribution during general anaesthesia and after the(More)
PURPOSE To measure inter- and intra-observer variation and systematic error in CT based prostate delineation, where individual delineations are referenced against a gold standard produced from photographic anatomical images from the Visible Human Project (VHP). MATERIALS AND METHODS The CT and anatomical images of the VHP male form the basic data set for(More)
The head-scatter factor (Sh) can be measured with a narrow miniphantom or a metal cap provided it is completely covered by the photon beam and its lateral size is thick enough to prevent electron contamination contributions. The effects of lateral electron equilibrium (LEE) and electron contamination on the Sh values were studied. The EGS4 Monte Carlo(More)
Modern radiotherapy has advanced dramatically over the past decade and it is now possible to focus radiotherapy with extreme precision. This allows the radiation dose to be targeted to the area(s) of tumour while sparing adjacent normal tissues even in seemingly complicated and difficult parts of the body. The case report presented here will illustrate how(More)
The operating performance and beam characteristics of a new orthovoltage unit, the Therapax DXT300, have been evaluated. Percentage depth-dose and backscatter tables are presented for several applicator sizes, at 30 cm and 50 cm focal skin distances (FSDS) and for multiple x-ray beam qualities with the tube operating between 100 and 300 kVp accelerating(More)