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The sarcoplasmic reticulum of the frog's sartorius muscle was examined by electron microscopy following sequential fixation in glutaraldehyde and osmium tetroxide and embedding in Epon. The earlier results of Porter and Palade on Ambystoma muscle were confirmed in the sartorius. In addition, the transverse tubules were observed to be continuous across the(More)
1. Propagated action potentials of striated muscle are calculated using an equivalent circuit that represents the transverse tubular system as a radial cable of sixteen elements. The membrane of the transverse tubules is assumed to have activatable ionic currents similar to those in the fibre surface.2. The configuration of the after-potential and the(More)
1. The membrane potential of isolated muscle fibres in solutions containing tetrodotoxin (TTX) was controlled with a two-electrode voltage clamp. The striation pattern in the region of the electrodes was observed microscopically.2. With square steps of depolarization of increasing magnitude, contraction occurs first in the myofibrils just beneath the(More)
Reconstruction from thick serial transverse slices of frog skeletal muscle fibers stained with peroxidase and examined by high-voltage electron microscopy has revealed that the T system networks at successive sarcomeres are connected together in a helicoidal fashion. From zero to eight helicoids have been found in each of a group of 21 fibers reconstructed(More)
  • 1958
Knowledge of the thickness of sections is important for proper interpretation of electron micrographs. Therefore, the thicknesses of sections of n-butyl methacrylate polymer were determined by ellipsometry, and correlated with the color shown in reflected light. The results are: gray, thinner than 60 mmicro; silver, 60 to 90 mmicro; gold, 90 to 150 mmicro;(More)
Electron microscopic evidence is presented, from mitochondria in whole cells of toad urinary bladder and from isolated rat kidney mitochondria, indicating that the divalent cations calcium, strontium, and barium are accumulated in granules localized in the mitochondrial matrix. This accumulation occurs under conditions in which divalent ions are present in(More)
Electron microscopy shows that the transverse tubular system of frog sartorius swells in Ringer fluid in which NaCl is partially replaced by sucrose (sucrose isotonic solutions). At constant tonicity, the degree of swelling is roughly proportional to the decrease in ionic strength and to the sucrose concentration of the bathing solution. Swelling is(More)