Lee D. Albee

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NF-kappa B-induced gene expression contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases such as arthritis. I kappa B kinase (IKK) is the converging point for the activation of NF-kappa B by a broad spectrum of inflammatory agonists and is thus a novel target for therapeutic intervention. We describe a small molecule, selective inhibitor of(More)
Ceramide is an important lipid signaling molecule and a key intermediate in sphingolipid biosynthesis. Recent studies have implied a previously unappreciated role for the ceramide N-acyl chain length, inasmuch as ceramides containing specific fatty acids appear to play defined roles in cell physiology. The discovery of a family of mammalian ceramide(More)
This study was designed to determine whether two differently modulated radiofrequencies of the type generally used in cellular phone communications could elicit a general stress response in a biological system. The two modulations and frequencies studied were a frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW) with a carrier frequency of 835.62 MHz and a code(More)
Mammalian topoisomerase IIalpha (Topo II) is a highly regulated enzyme essential for many cellular processes including the G(2) cell cycle checkpoint. Because Topo II gene expression is regulated posttranscriptionally during the cell cycle, we investigated the possible role of the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) in controlling Topo II mRNA accumulation.(More)
Objective and Background: Macrophages are known to be one of the initial responders to bacterial infection. While infection of macrophages with bacteria induces apoptosis, a pro-inflammatory response is also elicited. Thus, the aim of this study is to further elucidate the differential effect of infections with bacteria on the survival and function of(More)
The ADC4 mutant of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was studied to determine the structural and functional consequences of the absence of PsaD in photosystem I. Isolated ADC4 membranes were shown to be deficient in ferredoxin-mediated NADP(+) reduction, even though charge separation between P700 and FA/FB occurred with high efficiency. Unlike(More)
Human peripheral blood monocytes undergo spontaneous apoptosis in culture. Spontaneous monocyte apoptosis is regulated by the death ligand, Fas Ligand (FasL) binding to its receptor Fas. The pro-inflammatory molecules, LPS and IL-1β, prevent spontaneous monocyte apoptosis. Here, we demonstrate that the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 inhibit(More)
Questions regarding the digestive fate of DNA and protein from transgenic grain have been raised in regard to human consumption and trade of animal products (e.g., meat, milk, and eggs) from farm animals fed transgenic crops. Using highly sensitive, fully characterized analytical methods, fragments of transgenic and endogenous plant DNA, as well as(More)
The mdm2 oncogene is expressed at elevated levels in a variety of human tumors, and its product inactivates the p53 tumor suppressor protein. MDM2 forms an autoregulatory loop with p53, because the mdm2 gene contains a promoter that is responsive to p53. Synthesis of MDM2 protein increases in a p53-dependent manner in response to DNA-damaging agents such as(More)
Over 1 billion monocytes are produced daily, with a small percentage differentiating into macrophages, suggesting that excess monocytes are deleted through a tightly regulated process. Although the in vivo mechanism governing monocyte/macrophage homeostasis is unknown, deletion of monocytes in culture is mediated by the Fas death pathway and is blocked by(More)