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— The precautionary salting of the road network is an important maintenance issue for countries with a marginal winter climate. On many nights, not all the road network will require treatment as the local geography will mean some road sections are warmer than others. Hence, there is a logic to optimising salting routes based on known road surface(More)
BACKGROUND Heatwaves present a significant health risk and the hazard is likely to escalate with the increased future temperatures presently predicted by climate change models. The impact of heatwaves is often felt strongest in towns and cities where populations are concentrated and where the climate is often unintentionally modified to produce an urban(More)
On marginal winter nights, highway authorities face a difficult decision as to whether or not to salt the road network. The consequences of making a wrong decision are serious, as an untreated network is a major hazard. However, if salt is spread when it is not actually required, there are unnecessary financial and environmental consequences. In this paper,(More)
There is a paucity of urban meteorological observations worldwide, hindering progress in understanding and mitigating urban meteorological hazards and extremes. High quality urban datasets are required to monitor the impacts of climatological events, whilst providing data for evaluation of numerical models. The Birmingham Urban Climate Laboratory was(More)
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