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Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) catalyzes the S-methylation of thiopurine and thiopyrimidine drugs. If potent TPMT inhibitors were available, studies of the regulation and properties of this drug-metabolizing enzyme would be facilitated. Each of a series of benzoic acid derivatives tested was found to inhibit purified human kidney TPMT. Concentrations(More)
The authors have previously shown that acellular (AC) trachea-lung scaffolds can (1) be produced from natural rat lungs, (2) retain critical components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) such as collagen-1 and elastin, and (3) be used to produce lung tissue after recellularization with murine embryonic stem cells. The aim of this study was to produce large(More)
Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) catalyzes the S-methylation of thiopurines and thiopyrimidines. Human kidney TPMT was purified over 300-fold and its biochemical properties were determined. TPMT was "soluble" and had a molecular weight of approximately 36,000 daltons as estimated by gel filtration chromatography. The pH optimum of the purified TPMT was(More)
Endotoxemia is responsible for many of the pathophysiologic alterations that occur with Gram-negative sepsis. We utilized a chronic ovine model to determine the hemodynamic disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract during endotoxemia. Sheep with indwelling arterial, venous, and pulmonary arterial catheters were used. An ultrasonic flow probe was placed on(More)
A retrospective analysis of all pediatric patients admitted for acute burn treatment during a 7-year period was conducted to examine patients who underwent femoral artery catheterization and discuss the associated complications and treatment options. The total number of femoral artery catheterizations performed, nature of vascular complications, treatment(More)
Twenty-seven substituted benzoic acids have been studied as inhibitors of partially purified human renal thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT). Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis resulted in the following equation: pI50 = 1.25( +/- 0.53)pi'3 + 0.73( +/- 0.38)MR3,4 + 2.92( +/- 0.39). In this equation pI50 is the -log of the(More)