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Bacterial integrons are a useful PCR amplification target in epidemiological surveys of bacterial antibiotic resistance, and a variety of primers have been published. We describe multiplex PCR methodology to test for classes 1, 2 and 3 integron-associated integrases in boiled lysates of Gram-negative bacteria. We report on performance in Acinetobacter spp.(More)
The notification of "Gram-positive cocci, possibly staphylococcus" in a blood culture drawn from a seriously ill patient is responsible for a large amount of vancomycin prescribing in institutions where methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important cause of bacteraemia. A duplex real-time TaqMan polymerase chain reaction targeting the(More)
The application of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) directly to blood culture broth has potential to identify bloodstream infection earlier and facilitate timely management. We prospectively tested a novel, rapid, and inexpensive in-house spin-lysis protocol with formic acid extraction and(More)
We describe the success of adjunctive bacteriophage therapy for refractory Pseudomonas aeruginosa urinary tract infection in the context of bilateral ureteric stents and bladder ulceration, after repeated failure of antibiotics alone. No bacteriophage-resistant bacteria arose, and the kinetics of bacteriophage and bacteria in urine suggest self-sustaining(More)
bla(CTX-M) genes, particularly bla(CTX-M-15), are the dominant extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) genes among clinical isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Sydney, Australia, where we also found one example of bla(CTX-M-62), encoding a novel enzyme conferring ceftazidime resistance. ESBL genes were present in diverse community(More)
In the last few years, phenotypically carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter strains have been identified throughout the world, including in many of the hospitals and intensive care units (ICUs) of Australia. Genotyping of Australian ICU outbreak-associated isolates by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of whole genomic DNA indicated that different strains were(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a novel method for the direct identification of bacteria from blood culture broths. We evaluate for the first time, the performance of the MALDI Sepsityper™ Kit and MS for the identification of bacteria compared to standard phenotypic methods using the(More)
Concentrated suspensions of washed Mycoplasma neurolyticum produce rolling disease in mice and rats, with neurological manifestations and pathological lesions similar to those seen with the exotoxin of this organism. Pretreatment of animals with tetracycline protects completely against the toxic effects of washed suspensions of mycoplasmas, while(More)