Learn More
The possibility that bacteria may have evolved strategies to overcome host cell apoptosis was explored by using Rickettsia rickettsii, an obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. The vascular endothelial cell, the primary target cell during in vivo infection, exhibits no evidence of apoptosis(More)
The clinical manifestations of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) result from Rickettsia rickettsii (R rickettsii) infection of endothelial cells and are mediated by pathologic changes localized to the vessel, including in situ thrombosis and tissue ischemia. This study uses in vitro infection of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells with R(More)
von Willebrand factor (vWf) is secreted from endothelial cells by one of two pathways-a constitutive pathway and a regulated pathway originating from the Weibel-Palade bodies. The molecular form of vWf from each of these pathways differs, with the most biologically potent molecules being released from Weibel-Palade bodies (Loesberg, C., M. D. Gonsalves, J.(More)
Interaction of many infectious agents with eukaryotic host cells is known to cause activation of the ubiquitous transcription factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) (U. Siebenlist, G. Franzoso, and K. Brown, Annu. Rev. Cell Biol. 10:405-455, 1994). Recently, we reported a biphasic pattern of NF-kappaB activation in cultured human umbilical vein(More)
von Willebrand factor (vWf) secreted constitutively by human endothelial cells was compared to that released from Weibel-Palade bodies after stimulation. The majority of constitutively secreted molecules were dimeric and contained both pro-vWf and mature subunits. In contrast, the vWf released by the calcium ionophore A23187 or thrombin consisted of only(More)
Endothelial cells were cultured from human umbilical veins and incubated with Photofrin (1 microgram/ml). Cells were then exposed to light, and cytoplasmic microtubule (MT) status was monitored by immunofluorescence microscopy using alpha-tubulin antibody. As early as 15 min following irradiation, a light dose-dependent depolymerization of MT was observed.(More)
Immunofluorescence staining of buffy coat smears from a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia in accelerated phase showed that approximately 13% of all nucleated cells contained von Willebrand protein and, therefore, appeared to be of megakaryocytic origin. This was confirmed by positive staining with antisera against platelet factor 4 and platelet(More)
Endothelial cell growth is stimulated by fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), and both adhesion and proliferation are modulated by interactions with fibrinogen and fibrin. Previous evidence indicates that FGF-2 binds specifically and with high affinity to fibrinogen and fibrin, suggesting that their effects on endothelial cells may be coordinated. In this(More)
Cultured endothelial cells from the human umbilical vein were incubated with low concentrations (1 microgram/ml) of the photosensitizer Photofrin II. Following a sublethal light exposure, a light dose-dependent release of von Willebrand factor (vWf) into the culture medium was observed. Analysis of the multimeric composition of the released protein(More)
Large multimers of von Willebrand factor (vWf) are released from the Weibel-Palade bodies of cultured endothelial cells following treatment with a secretagogue (Sporn et al, Cell 46:185, 1986). These multimers were shown by immunofluorescent staining to bind more extensively to the extracellular matrix of human foreskin fibroblasts than constitutively(More)