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The possibility that bacteria may have evolved strategies to overcome host cell apoptosis was explored by using Rickettsia rickettsii, an obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. The vascular endothelial cell, the primary target cell during in vivo infection, exhibits no evidence of apoptosis(More)
Interaction of many infectious agents with eukaryotic host cells is known to cause activation of the ubiquitous transcription factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) (U. Siebenlist, G. Franzoso, and K. Brown, Annu. Rev. Cell Biol. 10:405-455, 1994). Recently, we reported a biphasic pattern of NF-kappaB activation in cultured human umbilical vein(More)
von Willebrand factor (vWf) secreted constitutively by human endothelial cells was compared to that released from Weibel-Palade bodies after stimulation. The majority of constitutively secreted molecules were dimeric and contained both pro-vWf and mature subunits. In contrast, the vWf released by the calcium ionophore A23187 or thrombin consisted of only(More)
von Willebrand factor (vWf) is secreted from endothelial cells by one of two pathways-a constitutive pathway and a regulated pathway originating from the Weibel-Palade bodies. The molecular form of vWf from each of these pathways differs, with the most biologically potent molecules being released from Weibel-Palade bodies (Loesberg, C., M. D. Gonsalves, J.(More)
Tissue factor (TF) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that serves as an essential cofactor for plasma coagulation factor VII. TF procoagulant activity exhibits varying species specificity. In particular, guinea pig (GP) TF is unable to activate clotting in heterologous plasma systems, but the molecular basis for this phenomenon is not yet understood. The(More)
Large multimers of von Willebrand factor (vWf) are released from the Weibel-Palade bodies of cultured endothelial cells following treatment with a secretagogue (Sporn et al, Cell 46:185, 1986). These multimers were shown by immunofluorescent staining to bind more extensively to the extracellular matrix of human foreskin fibroblasts than constitutively(More)
The intracellular site of cleavage of pro-von Willebrand factor subunit and the subsequent fate of the propolypeptide (von Willebrand antigen II) and of the mature von Willebrand factor (vWf) were investigated. Both the propolypeptide, which was found to be a homodimer of noncovalently linked subunits, and mature vWf were released from Weibel-Palade bodies(More)
Immunofluorescence staining of buffy coat smears from a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia in accelerated phase showed that approximately 13% of all nucleated cells contained von Willebrand protein and, therefore, appeared to be of megakaryocytic origin. This was confirmed by positive staining with antisera against platelet factor 4 and platelet(More)
Rickettsia rickettsii, the etiologic agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, is an obligate intracellular bacterial organism that infects primarily the vascular endothelial cells (EC). A component of the EC response to infection is transcriptional activation, which may contribute to the thrombotic and inflammatory consequences of disease. In this study, we(More)
The clinical manifestations of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) result from Rickettsia rickettsii (R rickettsii) infection of endothelial cells and are mediated by pathologic changes localized to the vessel, including in situ thrombosis and tissue ischemia. This study uses in vitro infection of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells with R(More)