Lee Ann Kaskutas

Learn More
Despite the field's longstanding concern with underreporting of alcohol consumption, traditional survey questions encourage error because respondents often must calculate their number of drinks based on standard drink sizes that often do not match their own drinking style. This study considered how often respondents' self-defined drink sizes matched a(More)
Affiliation with Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is an important variable to measure in many clinical and research activities. This paper reports on the development of an AA affiliation scale, and demonstrates its utility in a sample of 927 alcohol treatment seekers and 674 untreated problem drinkers. The scale is short (9 items), covers a range of AA(More)
This clinical trial compared two brief alcohol use interventions in prenatal clinics: Early Start (ES), a substance-abuse screening and treatment program integrated with prenatal care focused on abstention (n=298), and Early Start Plus (ESP), adding a computerized drink-size assessment tool and intervention focused on drinking less (n=266). Controls were(More)
Public support is crucial to sustained success for alcohol policies--but some may be supported precisely because they are expected to have the least impact on most drinkers. This paper offers an in-depth look at this "prevention dilemma," in an analysis of two alcohol control policies, higher alcohol taxes and health warning labels. In a recent national(More)
OBJECTIVE This article considers the predictors of help-seeking behavior, and the types of help sought among the general population. METHOD Longitudinal data are used, collected during in-person interviews with 2,234 (1190 female) individuals in 1984 and again in 1992. The focus is on help seeking during the follow-up interval, with an emphasis on(More)
AIMS This study tested the hypothesis that the relationship between Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) involvement and reduced substance use is partially explained (or 'mediated') by changes in social networks. DESIGN This is a naturalistic longitudinal study of the course of alcohol problems. SETTING Study sites were the 10 largest public and private alcohol(More)
AIMS To compare representative treatment and untreated samples of alcohol-dependent individuals in rates of abstinence and non-problematic use at 1-year follow-up. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN A total of 482 alcohol-dependent adults in a northern California county identified through a probability survey of problem drinkers in the general population (n = 111)(More)
OBJECTIVE Black Americans are overrepresented in the public alcohol treatment system, but may be less likely to use informal services such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). Some commentators perceive AA as a white, middle-class organization that is unlikely to appeal to blacks. This epidemiological study considers prior attendance and engagement in AA among 791(More)
Research on the effectiveness of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is controversial and subject to widely divergent interpretations. The goal of this article is to provide a focused review of the literature on AA effectiveness that will allow readers to judge the evidence effectiveness of AA for themselves. The review organizes the research on AA effectiveness(More)