Lee A. Collins

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We have created spatial dark solitons in two-component Bose-Einstein condensates in which the soliton exists in one of the condensate components and the soliton nodal plane is filled with the second component. The filled solitons are stable for hundreds of milliseconds. The filling can be selectively removed, making the soliton more susceptible to dynamical(More)
We present the first large-scale simulations of an ultracold neutral plasma, produced by photoionization of laser-cooled xenon atoms, from creation to initial expansion, using classical molecular-dynamics methods with open boundary conditions. We reproduce many of the experimental findings such as the trapping efficiency of electrons with increased ion(More)
The electrical conductivity of warm, dense aluminum plasmas and liquids is calculated using ab initio molecular dynamics and the Kubo-Greenwood formula. The density range extends from near solid to one-hundredth of solid density, and the temperature range extends from 6000 K to 30 000 K. This density and temperature range allows direct comparison with(More)
As an intense few-cycle pulse interacts with an atomic or molecular target, its strong oscillating field may first pull electrons out of the target and subsequently drive them back to scatter on the target. The scattering may occur only a few times or even once during the interaction. This unique property of few-cycle pulses enables one to image ultrafast(More)
Recent experimental developments of high-intensity, short-pulse extreme ultraviolet light sources are enhancing our ability to study electron-electron correlations. We perform time-dependent calculations to investigate the so-called "sequential" regime (variant Planck's over 2piomega > 54.4 eV) in the two-photon double ionization of helium. We show that(More)
A solution of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation is required in a variety of problems in physics and chemistry. These include atoms and molecules in time-dependent electromagnetic fields, time-dependent approaches to atomic collision problems, and describing the behavior of materials subjected to internal and external forces. We describe an approach in(More)
The attosecond pump probe, in close analogy to the standard femtosecond probing technique, has been proposed and theoretically demonstrated with its application to explore ultrafast electron motions inside atoms. We have performed realistic modeling for the full dynamics of both the femtosecond pumping and the attosecond probing processes. Our simulations(More)
We study the density modulation that appears in a Bose-Einstein condensate flowing with supersonic velocity against an obstacle. The experimental density profiles observed at JILA are reproduced by a numerical integration of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation and then interpreted in terms of Cerenkov emission of Bogoliubov excitations by the defect. The phonon(More)
Employing a high-order symplectic integrator and an adaptive time-step algorithm, we perform molecular-dynamics simulations of antihydrogen formation, in a cold plasma confined by a strong magnetic field, over time scales of microseconds. Sufficient positron-antiproton recombination events occur to allow a statistical analysis for various properties of the(More)
Thermal conductivity (κ) of both the ablator materials and deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel plays an important role in understanding and designing inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions. The extensively used Spitzer model for thermal conduction in ideal plasmas breaks down for high-density, low-temperature shells that are compressed by shocks and spherical(More)