Leda Racanicchi

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T ime-related decline of human islet allograft (TX) function in generally immunosuppressed type 1 diabetic patients (1–5) has led us, after years of preclinical study (6), to initiate a phase 1 pilot clinical trial of microencapsulated TX into 10 nonimmunosuppressed patients with type 1 diabetes, under permission and surveillance by the Italian Ministry of(More)
To comply with regulatory restrictions, with regard to graft of human islets immunoprotected within artificial microcapsules, into patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) with no recipient immunosuppression, we have prepared standard protocols on: (1) sodium alginate purification (clinical grade) for microcapsule fabrication; (2) preparation of(More)
In this study, we evaluated the activity of two novel pyrazolopyrimidine derivatives (Si 34 and Si 35) against ARO cells, a human anaplastic thyroid cancer cell line. ARO cells exposed to different concentrations of the drugs showed a reduced growth rate and an increase of mortality. After 72 h incubation, doses of 5 and 10 microM Si 34 determined a(More)
Alginate (AG)-based microcapsules may provide a selective permeable and biocompatible physical barrier to prevent islet graft (TX)-directed immune destruction. However, extent of the achieved immunoprotection will continue to be variable and unpredictable until the role of the individual mechanisms involved with TX-related inflammatory cell and immune(More)
The lysosomal system is up-regulated in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD), as demonstrated by previous experiments carried out in postmortem samples of brain patients. In this paper we provide evidence that an up-regulation of lysosomal glycohydrolases (alpha-D-mannosidase, beta-D-hexosaminidase, and beta-D-galactosidase) takes place in(More)
The systemic efficacy of the chemotherapeutic agents presently used to treat solid tumors is limited by their low therapeutic index. Previously, our research group improved the in vitro antitumoral activity of gemcitabine, an anticancer agent rapidly deaminated to the inactive metabolite 2',2'-difluorodeoxyuridine, entrapping it into unilamellar pegylated(More)
Brain-derived calcium-binding protein S100 induces apoptosis in a significant fraction of rat phaeochromocytoma (PC12) cells. We used single cell techniques (patch clamp, videomicroscopy and immunocytochemistry) to clarify some of the specific aspects of S100-induced apoptosis, the modality(ies) of early intracellular Ca2+ concentration increase and the(More)
In this present work, we characterized the proteomes of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cell line PANC-1 and normal pancreatic duct cells by mass spectrometry using LTQ-Orbitrap and identified more than 1700 proteins from each sample. On the basis of the spectra count label-free quantification approach, we identified a large number of differentially(More)
Human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells represent an in vitro model of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), and are inducible to terminally differentiate into morphologically mature granulocytes by incubation with all trans retinoic acid (ATRA). Lysosomal glycohydrolases are involved in the changes of the membrane surface proteins’ glycosylation, linked to(More)
Pancreatic-islet-cell transplantation may reverse hyperglycaemia in diabetic recipients that undertake general pharmacological immunosuppression. A major challenge that remains is the need to avoid immunosuppression associated with the use of allogeneic or heterologous islet cells. In the present study we demonstrate the use of microencapsulation of cells(More)