Leda Quércia Vieira

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The role of cytokines in the control of tissue parasitism and pathogenesis of experimental Chagas' disease was investigated. Wild-type and different cytokine as well as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) knockout mice were infected with the Colombian strain of Trypanosoma cruzi, and the kinetics of tissue parasitism, inflammatory reaction, parasitemia,(More)
The effect of Saccharomyces boulardii on the immune system was evaluated, comparing germ-free Swiss/NIH mice monoassociated with the probiotic with germ-free mice. Saccharomyces boulardii colonized the gut of germ-free mice and survived the gastrointestinal conditions. An increase in sIgA production, both total and anti-S. boulardii, was observed in the(More)
Protection induced by vaccination depends on the capacity of the vaccine to elicit an appropriate immune response. In leishmaniasis, protection requires leishmanial-specific CD4+ T helper (TH) cells. Vaccination of BALB/c mice with leishmanial antigens and interleukin-12 (IL-12) promoted the development of leishmanial-specific CD4+ TH1 cells. These mice(More)
The appropriate development of an inflammatory response is central for the ability of a host to deal with any infectious insult. However, excessive, misplaced, or uncontrolled inflammation may lead to acute or chronic diseases. The microbiota plays an important role in the control of inflammatory responsiveness. In this study, we investigated the role of(More)
Host resistance to infection by Trypanosoma cruzi is dependent on both natural and acquired immune responses. During the first week of infection in mice, NK cell-derived gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) is involved in controlling intracellular parasite replication, mainly through the induction of NO biosynthesis by activated macrophages. Interleukin-12 (IL-12)(More)
AIMS The effect of lactic acid bacteria on the immune system is well established under normal conditions and generally by in vivo determinations, but few data are available, in vivo, during an infectious challenge. The objective of this study was to obtain data on the putative protective role of bifidobacteria upon challenge with an intestinal pathogen. (More)
Several cytokines, in particular tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), have been shown to be responsible for pathological reactions which may lead to shock and death observed in infection with Gram-negative bacteria and in response to endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides, LPS). Priming of mice with the avirulent Bacille(More)
TNF is involved in host resistance to several pathogens. Recently it was found that mice lacking the p55 receptor for TNF (TNFRp55 -/-) do not control growth of the intracellular bacteria, Listeria monocytogenes and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Here we report that the course of infection in TNFRp55 -/- mice with another intracellular pathogen, the protozoan(More)
The association of vertebrate hosts with the indigenous microbiota and its effect on the response to infections has long been a subject of scientific curiosity. From the first theory supported by Louis Pasteur that life would be impossible in the absence of associated microorganisms to the development of germfree mammals for research, a lot was learned(More)
Toxoplasma gondii and Trypanosoma cruzi are intracellular parasites which, as part of their life cycle, induce a potent cell-mediated immunity (CMI) maintained by Th1 lymphocytes and IFN-gamma. In both cases, induction of a strong CMI is thought to protect the host against rapid parasite multiplication and consequent pathology and lethality during the acute(More)