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BACKGROUND During pregnancy, women are at particular risk for sleep deprivation and snoring because of the physiologic and hormonal changes of pregnancy. There is limited evidence for the association between sleep patterns in pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes. We examined the association of sleep duration and snoring in late pregnancy with the risk of(More)
Several unmet needs have been identified in allergic rhinitis: identification of the time of onset of the pollen season, optimal control of rhinitis and comorbidities, patient stratification, multidisciplinary team for integrated care pathways, innovation in clinical trials and, above all, patient empowerment. MASK-rhinitis (MACVIA-ARIA Sentinel NetworK for(More)
CONTEXT Maternal thyroid dysfunction, especially in early pregnancy, may lead to pregnancy complications and adverse birth outcomes. Few population-based prospective studies have evaluated these effects and results are discrepant. OBJECTIVE We examined the association of thyroid function and autoimmunity in early pregnancy with adverse pregnancy and birth(More)
BACKGROUND Atopy is not uncommon among children living in rural Crete, but wheeze and rhinitis are rare. A study was undertaken to examine whether this discrepancy could be attributed to a high consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables or adherence to a traditional Mediterranean diet. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was performed in 690 children aged(More)
BACKGROUND Anogenital distance in animals is used as a measure of fetal androgen action. Prenatal exposure to dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in rodents causes reproductive changes in male offspring and decreases anogenital distance. OBJECTIVE We assessed whether in utero exposure to dioxins and dioxin-like compounds adversely influences anogenital(More)
PURPOSE We examined whether high doses of folic acid and iron supplementation in early-to-mid pregnancy affect the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small for gestational age neonates, in the mother-child cohort in Crete, Greece (Rhea study). METHODS We included 1,279 women with singleton pregnancies with complete data on supplements use in(More)
A growing body of evidence links poor maternal mental health with negative outcomes on early child development. We examined the effect of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health on infant neurodevelopment at age 18 months in a population-based mother–child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. Self-reported measures of maternal depression (EPDS),(More)
OBJECTIVE Musculoskeletal pain is associated with occupational physical activities and psychosocial risk factors. We evaluated the relative importance of work-related and psychological determinants of the number of -anatomical sites affected by musculoskeletal pain in a cross-sectional survey. METHODS The survey focused on musculoskeletal pain in six body(More)
The authors determined the association between metabolic syndrome in early pregnancy (mean, 11.96 weeks) and the risk of preterm birth in the mother-child cohort study ("Rhea" Study) in Crete, Greece, 2007-2009. Maternal fasting serum samples were collected, and blood pressure was measured at the time of the first major ultrasound examination (n = 625).(More)
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a significant threat to the fetus. We examined the association between active maternal smoking and smoking cessation during early pregnancy with newborn somatometrics and adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm delivery, low birth weight, and fetal growth restriction. One thousand four hundred mother–child pairs(More)