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BACKGROUND Combination therapy consisting of mechanical unloading using a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and pharmacological intervention can promote recovery from end-stage heart failure, but the mechanism is unknown. Preliminary microarray analysis revealed a significant and unexpected decrease in myocardial arginine:glycine amidinotransferase(More)
The recent discovery of heterozygous human mutations that truncate full-length titin (TTN, an abundant structural, sensory, and signaling filament in muscle) as a common cause of end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) promises new prospects for improving heart failure management. However, realization of this opportunity has been hindered by the burden of(More)
AIMS Combined left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and pharmacological therapy has been proposed to favour myocardial recovery in patients with end-stage heart failure (HF). Clenbuterol (Clen), a beta(2)-adrenoceptor (beta(2)-AR) agonist, has been used as a part of this strategy. In this study, we investigated the direct effects of clenbuterol on unloaded(More)
Combined left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support and pharmacological management of the failing heart can induce reversal of maladaptive cardiac remodelling leading to normalisation of cardiac structure and recovery of cardiac function. The purpose of this study was to compare the gene expression profiles of recovered and non-recovered LVAD patients in(More)
Left ventricular mass (LVM) is a highly heritable trait and an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality. So far, genome-wide association studies have not identified the genetic factors that underlie LVM variation, and the regulatory mechanisms for blood-pressure-independent cardiac hypertrophy remain poorly understood. Unbiased systems genetics(More)
AIMS A novel combination therapy consisting of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) combined with pharmacologic therapy including the selective beta(2)-agonist, clenbuterol, has shown promise in restoring ventricular function in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to identify common genes and signalling pathways whose expression was(More)
Background—Therapeutic efficacy of bone marrow (BM) cell injection for treating ischemic chronic heart failure has not been established. In addition, experimental data are lacking on arrhythmia occurrence after BM cell injection. We hypothesized that therapeutic efficacy and arrhythmia occurrence induced by BM cell injection may be affected by the cell(More)
BACKGROUND Intramyocardial injection of skeletal myoblasts (SMB) has been shown to be a promising strategy for treating post-infarction chronic heart failure. However, insufficient therapeutic benefit and occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias are concerns. We hypothesised that the use of a retrograde intracoronary route for SMB-delivery might favourably(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokine activation in the myocardium of deteriorating patients with heart failure who undergo left ventricular assist-device (LVAD) implantation has been documented, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We hypothesized the innate immune system is activated with expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), leading to cytokine(More)
BACKGROUND Patients who undergo mechanical support with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) exhibit reverse remodeling and in some cases recover from heart failure. We have developed a combination therapy using LVAD support combined with pharmacological therapy to maximize reverse remodeling, followed by the beta2 adrenergic agonist clenbuterol. We(More)