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Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis was conducted on the 16S rRNA genes of the bacterial communities colonizing the epithelial surfaces of the terminal ilea of open conventionally housed mice in an institutional small-animal facility. Polymeric-immunoglobulin-receptor-deficient (pIgR(-/-)) mice that were unable to secrete(More)
The humoral response to the gastrointestinal (GI) flora was analyzed in secretory Ig (sIg)-deficient polymeric IgR (pIgR)(-/-) mice and otherwise congenic C57BL/6 mice. While both strains carried an ileal flora of similar size and composition, increased bacterial translocation to mesenteric lymph node was demonstrated in pIgR(-/-) mice. Serum IgA was(More)
1. Much evidence exists detailing how animals respond to pathogen challenge, yet information explaining how the various behavioural, immunological, and physiological systems in chickens interplay during such challenges remains limited. 2. To gain an understanding of this interplay while controlling for genetic variation, the current study collected a(More)
Campylobacter spp. are frequently carried by poultry, but they are not believed to cause significant disease in these animals. Modern poultry breeds have been selected to grow rapidly under intensive conditions, but recently, consumers have moved toward purchasing birds produced in higher welfare, free-range or organic systems. Birds reared in these systems(More)
Enrichment culture is often used to isolate Campylobacter. This study compared isolation of Campylobacter spp. from 119 broiler chicken environments from two farms, using Preston and modified Exeter (mExeter) and modified Bolton (mBolton) enrichments. mExeter was significantly more effective in isolating Campylobacter spp. from the environmental samples(More)
Maximising the ability of piglets to survive exposure to pathogens is essential to reduce early piglet mortality, an important factor in efficient commercial pig production. Mortality rates can be influenced by many factors, including early colonization by microbial commensals. Here we describe the development of an intestinal microbiota, the Bristol(More)
The transthyretin-like protein (TLP) from Salmonella enterica subspecies I is a periplasmic protein with high level structural similarity to a protein found in mammals and fish. In humans, the protein homologue, transthyretin, binds and carries retinol and thyroxine, and a series of other, unrelated aromatic compounds. Here we show that the amino acid(More)
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