Leandro Tavares Lucato

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Conventional MR imaging shows evidence of brain injury and/or maldevelopment in 70%-90% of children with cerebral palsy (CP), though its capability to identify specific white matter tract injury is limited. The great variability of white matter lesions in CP already demonstrated by postmortem studies is thought to be one of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Toxic leukoencephalopathy may present acutely or subacutely with symmetrically reduced diffusion in the periventricular and supraventricular white matter, hereafter referred to as periventricular white matter. This entity may reverse both on imaging and clinically. However, a gathering together of the heterogeneous causes of this disorder as seen(More)
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT), Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS), and idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP) seem to be part of a spectrum of disorders that have diverse locations but similar histologic and imaging findings. We report a case of a 50-year-old man presenting with multiple progressive cranial nerves palsies with leptomeningeal(More)
The diagnostic criteria for TA are mainly clinical; nevertheless, laboratory analysis frequently reveals increased ESR and CRP. Although they are not gold standard, CTA and MRI are useful keys to diagnosis1,4. During the acute phase, inflammatory infiltration affects all layers of the arterial wall, whereas at the chronic phase fibrous tissue replaces the(More)
Our goal was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of substantia nigra fractional anisotropy (SN-FA) for Parkinson’s disease (PD) diagnosis in a sample similar to the clinical setting, including patients with essential tremor (ET) and healthy controls (HC). We also performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate mean change in SN-FA induced by PD(More)
Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies on Wilson’s disease (WD) show lack of correlations between neurological and neuroimaging features. Long-term follow-up reports with sequential brain MRI in patients with neurological WD comparing different modalities of treatment are scarce. Eighteen patients with neurological WD underwent pretreatment and(More)
OBJECTIVE To report a Brazilian series of spontaneous cervical arterial dissections, risk factors, warning symptoms, clinical manifestations, diagnostic tests, treatment and prognosis. METHOD We performed the retrospective analysis of clinical and neuroradiological records (MRI, A-MRI and Angiography) of patients with this diagnosis who were evaluated in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Malformations of cortical development (MCD) are traditionally considered as a cause of epilepsy. Our aim was to study patients with focal MCD, by using multivoxel proton MR spectroscopy; we focused not only on the lesion but also on the normal-appearing contralateral side (NACS). Our hypothesis was that the metabolic abnormality(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There are few studies comparing the capacity of lesion detection of conventional MR imaging in neurocysticercosis (NCC). This study was designed to clarify its role in the evaluation of this disease, focusing on the total number of lesions identified and the characterization of the scolex. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR images from 115(More)
Toxic leukoencephalopathies can be secondary to the exposure to a wide variety of exogenous agents, including cranial irradiation, chemotherapy, antiepileptic agents, drugs of abuse, and environmental toxins. There is no typical clinical picture, and patients can present with a wide array of signs and symptoms. Involvement of white matter is a key finding(More)