Leandro Castañeyra-Ruiz

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Compromised secretory function of choroid plexus (CP) and defective cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) production, along with accumulation of beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptides at the blood-CSF barrier (BCSFB), contribute to complications of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The AD triple transgenic mouse model (3xTg-AD) at 16 month-old mimics critical hallmarks of the human(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a water channel mainly located in the ventricular ependymal cells (brain-CSF barrier), the sub-ependymal glia, glia limitans and in end-feet of astrocytes in at the blood–brain barrier (BBB). In the present work, the expression of AQP4 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in control and congenital human hydrocephalus infants (obstructive(More)
The objective of this study was to analyze the proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid of spontaneously hypertensive rats and to study their possible role in the relationship between hydrocephalus, arterial hypertension and variations in the subfornical organ. Brains and cerebrospinal fluid from control Wistar-Kyoto rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats(More)
High blood pressure produces ventricular dilation, variations in circumventricular organs and changes in the cerebrospinal fluid compositions. On the other hand, chronic hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats can cause changes in the integrity of the brain barriers: blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier and blood brain barrier. The permeability of the(More)
The aim of the present work is to analyze the cerebrospinal fluid proteomic profile, trying to find possible biomarkers of the effects of hypertension of the blood to CSF barrier disruption in the brain and their participation in the cholesterol and β-amyloid metabolism and inflammatory processes. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a system linked to the brain(More)
It has been reported that spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) show ventricular dilation, changes in CSF proteins and variations in the circumventricular organs (CVO) such as: the subcommissural organ (SCO), the subfornical organ (SFO) and the area postrema (AP) which are located in the walls of the third and fourth ventricles. On the other hand, p73(More)
Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a genetic disorder which combines hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia. Hypogonadism is characterized by the absence or reduced levels of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and anosmia due to olfactory bulb aplasia. KS treatment usually begins just before puberty, but brain sexual maturation occurs long before puberty normally at(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present work was to make a comparative analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid levels of Tumor necrosis factor (TNFα) and aquaporin 1 (AQP1) in (i) healthy elder control, (ii) patients with mild cognitive impairment and, (iii) patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. PATIENTS AND METHODS Samples of CSF were taken from(More)
Reissner's fibre (RF) is formed by the polymerization of the glycoprotein secreted by the subcommissural organ (SCO). The SCO also secretes soluble glycoprotein into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); variations in RF and SCO have been reported in hydrocephalus. On the other hand, hydrocephalus and other brain alterations have been described in p73 mutant mice.(More)
Background Arterial hypertension produces ventricular dilation, CSF protein composition variations as well as alterations in the circumventricular organ and choroid plexus (CP). Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has an important relationship with the blood and the brain, and encephalic pathology could alter the connections between the blood, brain and CSF, and(More)